Kalyanji Anandji Biography
Kalyanji–Anandji are an Indian composer duo from Gujarat: Kalyanji Virji Shah (30 June 1928-03 November 2000) and his brother Anandji Virji Shah (born 02 March 1933). The duo are known for their work on Hindi film soundtracks, particularly action potboilers in the 1970s. Some of their best-known works are Don, Bairaag, Saraswatichandra, Qurbani, Tridev and Safar. They won the 1975 Filmfare Award for Best Music Director for Kora Kagaz.
Kalyanji and Anandji were children of a businessman who
migrated from Kutch to Bombay (now Mumbai) to start a grocery and provision store. The brothers began to learn music from a music teacher, who taught them in lieu of paying his bills to their father. One of their great-grandparents was a folk musician of some eminence. They spent most of their formative years in the Mumbai locality of Girgaum amidst Marathi and Gujarati environs and among some eminent musical talent that resided in the vicinity.
Kalyanji started his career as a musician, with a new electronic instrument called the clavioline. which was used for the famous “Nagin Been,” used in the film Nagin (1954) which had the music of Hemant Kumar. Kalyanji then, with his brother Anandji, started an orchestral group called Kalyanji Virji and Party which organised musical shows in Mumbai and outside. This was the first attempt made for holding live musical shows in India.
Kalyanji Anandji’s arrival in the Bombay film industry as music composers was a turning point. When big music directors like S.D. Burman, Hemant Kumar, Madan Mohan, Naushad, Shankar Jaikishan and Ravi were ruling the Hindi film music world – and it was a golden period of film music – it was very tough to make a place amongst them. Still they came and won the hearts and minds of Indian people.
The Bharat Bhushan–Nirupa Roy hit Samrat Chandragupta (1959) was his first film as Kalyanji Virji Shah. Songs like “Chahe Paas Ho” (Lata–Rafi) that are remembered to this day were what made the movie a commercial success. This was followed by his composing music scores for more films like Post Box 999 before Anandji who was assisting him, joined him officially to form the Kalyanji Anandji duo in Satta Bazar and Madari (1959). Chalia (1961) was their earliest major hit. In 1965, two decisive scores, Himalay Ki God Mein and Jab Jab Phool Khile, established them as composers to reckon with.
Kalyanji–Anandji’s variety-studded music is complete with some of the topmost songs of all singers and genres. Both Kalyanji and Anandji worked as music composers for over 250 films, 17 of which were golden jubilees and 39 silver. The factor behind their success is hard work, apart from their talent. They were never self-centered or egoistic.
The spiritually inclined brothers opened up a new horizon in Bollywood. They used to put society in front of them and, as a thankful gesture, organised many charitable concerts for NGOs and several charitable institutions in India and abroad with some of the biggest names in Bollywood, like Dilip Kumar, Amitabh Bachchan, Anil Kapoor, Vinod Khanna, Rekha and Sridevi.
They were tireless in discovering new talents and grooming them, as well. Manhar Udhas, Kumar Sanu, Alka Yagnik, Sadhana Sargam, Sapna Mukherjee, Udit Narayan, Sunidhi Chauhan, now very popular names, were nurtured as singers and got their first breaks from Kalyanji Anandji.Laxmikant Pyarelal worked as music assistants to Kalyanji Anandji before composing Music independently for Hindi films .
They helped introduce or gave career defining breaks to lyricists like Qamar Jalalabadi, Anand Bakshi, Gulshan Bawra, Anjaan, Verma Malik and M G Hashmat.
In the late 1990s and early 2000s, their work was introduced to a young Western audience by three albums. Bombay the Hard Way: Guns, Cars and Sitars was a mix album put together by US DJ Dan The Automator; Bollywood Funk was an Outcaste compilation album put together by Sutrasonic DJs Harv and Sunni; while The Beginners Guide To Bollywood was compiled by John Lewis from Time Out magazine.
All three of these records concentrated on Kalyanji Anandji tracks from 1970s films that featured funk breakbeats, wah-wah guitars and Motown-style orchestrations. In 2005, The Black Eyed Peas’s “Don’t Phunk with My Heart” used music pieces from two of their songs: “Ae Naujawan” from the 1972 film Apradh and “Yeh Mera Dil” from the 1978 film Don, which won the American hip-hop group a Grammy Award.
On 24 August 2000, Kalyanji breathed his last. His era with Anandji will always be remembered for their great contributions. Kalyanji’s dream for training new and young talents and promoting them is carried on today by Anandji in the name of Little Stars.
The composers composed some outstanding songs rendered by the legend Kishore Kumar such as “Jeevan se bhari teri aankhe”, “Zindagi ka safar hai ye kaisa Safar”, “Pal pal dilke paas”, “Neele Neele Ambar Par”. Their composition called “Pal bharke liye” was used in an episode of The Simpsons. Remixed version of the song “Apni Toh Jaise Taise,” originally from the 1981 film Laawaris was used in 2010 Bollywood film Housefull. The Calcutta High Court restrained producer Sajid Nadiadwala from the cinematic use of the song.
Kalyanji–Anandji Collaboration with Singers
Kalyanji–Anandji With Lata Mangeshkar
The duo composed 297 songs for Lata in their career, the 3rd highest songs composed by any composer for Lata’s career. The superhit song include “Jiska Mujhe Tha Intezaar” from Don (1978), “Kabhi Raat Din Hum Door The” from Aamne Saamne (1967), “Yeh Saman” from Jab Jab Phool Khile (1965), “Humare Siva Tumhare Aur Kitne deewane” from Apradh (1978]], “Main Pyaasa Tum saawan’ from Faraar (1975) etc.
Kalyanji–Anandji With Asha Bhosle
The duo composed 297 songs for Asha, the same number they composed for Lata, indicating that they emphasized Asha and Lata almost equally. Their superhit songs with Asha is led by all time hit “Yeh Mera Dil” from Don (1978). It earned Asha’s 7th and last Filmfare Award as best singer. It was copied by world’s leading band Black Eyed Peas in 1990 and their song earned Grammy Award. BEP’s song included another K-A Bhosle number, “Aye Naujawan”. Their other hits with Asha includes “Kya Dekhte Ho” from Qurbani (1978), “O Saathi Re” from Muqaddar Ka Siqandar (1978)
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Kalyanji–Anandji – Awards
- Cine Music Directors Award – 1965 – Himalay Ki God Mein
- First National Award – 1968 – Saraswatichandra
- Filmfare Award – 1974 – Kora Kagaz
- First Platinum Disc by HMV – Muqaddar Ka Sikandar (1978)
- 1st Platinum Disc by Polydor – Qurbani (1980)
- IMPPA Award – 1992 – For Contribution to Films
- Padmashree by the Government of India – For Outstanding Contribution
- IIFA Award (South Africa) – 2003 – Lifetime Achievement Award
- Sahara Parivar Award (United Kingdom) – 2004 – Lifetime Achievement Award
- BMI Award (United States) – 2006 – For Grammy Award-winning rap song “Don’t Phunk with My Heart”
- GIMA (Great Indian Music Awards) – 2015 – Lifetime Achievement Award