Najib Razak Biography
Najib Razak (Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak) is a Malaysian politician born on 23rd July 1953 in Kuala Lipis, Malaysia. He is the former Prime Minister of Malaysia (2009 – 2018). He is the previous President of the United Malaysia National Organization (UMNO).
Najib Razak Education Background
Najib Razak received his primary and secondary education at St. John’s Institution, Kuala Lumpur. He later attended Malvern College in Worcestershire, England, and subsequently went to the University of Nottingham, where he received a bachelor’s degree in industrial economics in 1974.
Najib Razak Political Career
In 1976 at the age of 23 Najib Razak was elected to parliament replacing his deceased father in the Pahang-based seat of Pekan. In 1978 he was appointed Deputy Minister of Energy, Telecommunications and Post becoming the youngest deputy minister in the country. From 1982 to 1986 he was the Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of Pahang. Becoming the youngest Menteri Besar in the state to enter office when he was sworn in at the age of 29.
During the 1986 general election he was re elected to the same seat. In 1986 he was appointed as the Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports. He focused on improving Malaysian sports and introduced the National Sports Policy in 1988. In 1989 Malaysia achieved its best-ever performance at the South East Asia (SEA) Games, held in Kuala Lumpur.
Minister for Defense (1991– 1995)
In 1991, Mahathir selected Najib Razak as Minister of Defense. Under Najib’s course, Malaysian troops were conveyed to help the UN peacekeeping powers in Bosnia in 1993. Malaysian authorities were welcomed warmly by Bosnians and also Serbs and Croats. Malaysia likewise helped peacekeeping activities in Somalia in 1993, losing one trooper with an end goal to help US warriors amid the Battle of Mogadishu. Najib later scrutinized the UN’s Somalia task as putting excessively accentuation on military action. Since then Malaysia has expressed an inclination for taking an interest in Chapter 6 “peace requirement” missions, as opposed to Chapter 7 “peacekeeping” missions. After four years at the Ministry of Defense, Najib Razak expected control of the Education Ministry in 1995. He came back to the Ministry of Defense in 2000.
Minister for Education (1995– 2000)
In 1995, Najib Razak left the Defense Ministry out of the blue when he was designated Minister of Education. His test was to react to Malaysia’s recently declared goal to end up as a dependent country by 2020. Amid his five-year residency, Najib rebuilt the Ministry, made a free corporate structure for state-funded colleges, and empowered coordinated effort with remote colleges and institutions. The 1996 Private Higher Education Institutions Act, enabled outside colleges to set up degree-giving schools in Malaysia, giving more prominent instructive chances to Malaysians and situating Malaysia as a regional learning hub. Najib Razak likewise redesigned instructing testaments to the status of certificates, so educators in that classification would get a higher month to month beginning salary.
Amid the 1999 general decisions, Najib Razak endured a noteworthy misfortune when he scarcely won re-race to the Parliament by an edge of 241 votes, contrasted with a margin of more than 10,000 in the past race. Even though a shock to political eyewitnesses, it was reasonable given the political changes of 1999.
Return as Minister for Defense (2000– 2008)
Amid his second residency as Minister of Defense Najib facilitated Malaysia’s alleviation endeavors following the Indian Ocean torrent of 2004, and offered help to Indonesia in capturing those in charge of the 2004 Bali bombings. Najib additionally directed the organization of Malaysian troops as a piece of a UN peacekeeping power in 2006, when Malaysia volunteered to help balance out Lebanon following the 2006 Lebanon War.
As Defense Minister, Najib Razak organized necessary military administration in December 2003, expressing that it would support association and kinship between the youth of various ethnic gatherings and religions. During its initial five long periods of the task, more than 339,000 Malaysian youth took an interest in the PLKN (the Bahasa Malaysian acronym for “Malaysian National Service”), which is expected to advance resilience, cooperation, and network commitment. The program, be that as it may, has confronted challenges. Well being issues in the program have been accounted for, and a few people kicked the bucket amid or soon after their terms of administration amid the program’s initial few years. Accordingly, Najib fortified the PLKN’s well being screening necessities and strengthened the administration’s pledge to rebuff careless PLKN officials.
The French courts are researching charges of defilement in the buys of two Scorpène submarines, by the Malaysian Ministry of Defense in 2002, when Najib was the clergyman of resistance. The claims are that Abdul Razak Baginda, an associate of Najib, got “commission” installments from the French submarine developer DCNS. Shaariibuugiin Altantuyaa, a Mongolian lady, procured as a French interpreter to encourage the buy of the submarines and special lady to Baginda, in this manner endeavored to extort Baginda for a $500,000 cut and was along these lines killed. Two policemen, who were guardians presented on Najib, were charged and discovered guilty.
Deputy Prime Minister (2004– 2009)
In 2004, Mahathir resigned and was supplanted by his agent, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. Najib Razakprogressed toward becoming Deputy Prime Minister and was given a wide arrangement of obligations, including oversight of FELDA, the Human Rights Commission (SUHAKAM), and the Election Commission. Najib likewise led more than 28 bureau committees. He stayed as Minister for Defense.
In September 2008, Najib Razak turned into the Minister for Finance, giving the Defense portfolio to Badawi. During the global monetary emergency, Malaysia confronted a substantial subsidence and lessened levels of exchange all through the South Asian area. Accordingly, Najib reported a progression of jolt bundles to be executed over a two-year time frame with the goal of going about as a counter-cyclical reaction that may change some way or another secure Malaysia’s economy. He additionally squeezed for the nation to move past existing assembling capacities through instruction, innovative work to create more exceptional quality as a supplier of modern business services.
Najib Razak Journey to being Prime Minister
After a lackluster display by the decision UMNO coalition in the races of 8 March 2008 in which restriction parties picked up control of five of thirteen Malaysian state governments, Badawi distinguished Najib as his proposed successor. On 8 October 2008, Prime Minister Badawi declared he would advance down in March 2009, making ready for Najib to succeed him. Anyway, he said the onus was on Najib to win party races set for March before he could take over. Najib kept running for the administration of UMNO and went ahead to win on 2 November 2008, without contest.
On 26 March 2009, Najib Razak won the UMNO administration unopposed. He was confirmed as Prime Minister of Malaysia on 3 April 2009. In 2012, Najib additionally expected the part of ladies, family and network advancement serve, a position he held until the 2013 race.
Najib Razak Prime Minister of Malaysia
Najib Razak entered office as Prime Minister with an emphasis on local monetary issues and political change. On his first day as Prime Minister, Najib reported his early activities the expulsion of bans on two daily resistance papers, Suara Keadilan and Harakahdaily, keep running by the restriction pioneer Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim-drove People’s Justice Party and the Pan Islamic Party, individually, and the arrival of 13 individuals held under the Internal Security Act.
Among the discharged prisoners were two ethnic Indian activists who were captured in December 2007 for driving an against government battle, three nonnatives and eight speculated Islamic aggressors. Najib Razak likewise promised to lead a thorough audit of the much-reprimanded law which takes into consideration indefinite detainment without trial. In the discourse, he underscored his promise to handling destitution, rebuilding Malaysian culture, extending access to quality training for all, and advancing recharged “enthusiasm for open service.” He likewise conceded and deserted the digital TV progress design of all allowed to-air telecasters, for example, Radio Televisyen Malaysia.
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Malaysia is a media reported by Prime Minister Najib Razak on 16 September 2008, requiring the bureau, government offices, and government workers to underscore ethnic agreement, national solidarity, and productive governance. The eight estimations oas explained by Najib Razak are constancy, a culture of greatness, acknowledgment, devotion, instruction, lowliness, trustworthiness, and meritocracy.
On 17 September 2008, Najib Razak propelled out of a push to speak with the subjects of Malaysia all the more effective and bolster the greater campaign. He has utilized the site to feature his approach activities and to give a gathering to Malaysians to their legislature. The crusade makes full utilization of web-based life stages, for example, Facebook and Twitter. Research has recommended that Najib and UMNO have attempted broad endeavors to set up a good online nearness through the enlistment and support of bloggers and other internet-based life clients, some of the time known as ‘cybertroopers.
Najib Razak Corruption allegations
Najib Razak is the executive of Malaysia Development Berhad (MDB), a state-claimed speculation firm that was built upon Najib’s drive in 2009 as a component of the administration’s Economic Transformation Program. Notwithstanding, 1MDB has allegedly caused obligations of MYR 42 billion (about USD 11.1 billion) after just six long periods of tasks, provoking a cynical point of view toward the nation’s financial development.
On 2 July 2015, The Wall Street Journal ran a confession charging that MYR 2.672 billion (USD 700 million) had been diverted from 1MDB into Najib’s financial balances, activating across the board requires his permission. Najib has denied any bad behavior and has declared plans to sue the daily paper for libel yet in the end neglected to do so. On 6 July 2015, in the midst of the 1MDB embarrassment, the ringgit tumbled to 3.8050 against the US dollar, the first occasion when it slid past the 3.80 money peg, which was lifted in 2005. To go down the charges, on 7 July 2015, The Wall Street Journal discharged a cluster of somewhat redacted records that purportedly demonstrate how almost US$700 million (RM2.6 billion) was moved from 1MDB into Najib’s financial balances. These reports identify with exchanges in March 2013, December 2014 and February 2015.
The multi-organization team exploring these affirmations gave an account of 10 July 2015 that Najib’s financial balances at AmBank Islamic were shut before The Wall Street Journal announced the exchanges of billions of ringgit to those records in this way affirming Najib had two singles at that bank. The team additionally confirmed that the six records it had quite recently solidified did not have a place with Najib but instead did not name the holders of those records Najib’s treatment of the debasement outrage was scrutinized by, among others, previous Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad and afterward Deputy Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin. Amid Najib’s mid-term Cabinet reshuffle on 28 July 2015, Najib dropped Muhyiddin from his situation as Deputy Prime Minister, and different Ministers who had been condemning of his administration. Najib expressed that the explanation behind this was to make a more “bound together group.”
On 1 August 2015, Najib Razak tended to UMNO designates in Seremban and in a reasonable reference to the Sarawak Report, the London-based informant site established and worked by writer Clare Rewcastle-Brown, requested that “white individuals” remain out of Malaysia’s undertakings and focused on that he esteemed faithfulness most importantly, and not shrewd individuals.
On 3 August 2015, the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission expressed that the RM 2.6 billion that had been managed an account into Najib’s record originated from contributors, not 1MDB, but instead did not expound on who the benefactors were or why the assets were exchanged, nor why this clarification had taken so long to develop since the charges were first made on 2 July 2015. Umno Kuantan division boss Wan Adnan Wan Mamat later asserted that the RM 2.6 billion is from Saudi Arabia as a debt of gratitude is in order for battling ISIS. He additionally asserted that the Muslim people group in the Philippines and in addition southern Thailand had likewise gotten comparable gifts and that since the contributions were made to Najib by and by rather than UMNO, the assets were stored into Najib’s records.
The embarrassment took an emotional contort on 28 August 2015 when an individual from Najib’s gathering, Anina Saaduddin, UMNO’s Langkawi Wanita (women’s) illustrative, recorded a joint suit against him asserting a break of obligations as trustee and that he swindled party individuals by neglecting to reveal receipt of the gave finances, and record for their utilization. This suit was recorded in the Kuala Lumpur High Court and furthermore named party Executive Secretary Abdul Rauf Yusof. Communicating dread that Najib would employ impact to expel any individual from UMNO “for the sole motivation behind maintaining a strategic distance from risk”. The court was additionally being moved for a directive to limit UMNO, its Supreme Council, state contact body, divisions and branches from expelling the ostensible offended party as a gathering part pending the assurance of the suit. The offended party is additionally looking for a reimbursement adding up to US$650 million, the sum supposedly saved by Najib to a Singapore bank, a record of all monies that he had gotten as gifts, subtle elements of all monies in the private Banking Account No 2112022009694 professedly having a place with Najib, alongside harms, costs, and different reliefs.
On 21 September 2015, the New York Times announced that US examiners were researching assertions of debasement including Najib and additionally individuals near him. Specifically, agents were centered around properties in the United States that were obtained as of late by shell organizations claimed by Najib’s stepson Riza Aziz or associated with a nearby family companion, and besides, a $681 million installment made to what is acceptable to be Najib’s financial balance.
The asserted MYR 2.6 billion “gift” into Najib’s records drove the resistance to table a no-certainty movement against Najib, on 18 October 2015.
On 26 January 2016, Malaysia’s Attorney General Mohamed Apandi Ali reported that the examination concerning the $681 million installments into Najib Razak financial balance had been shut. The Anti-Corruption Commission exploring the blessing, drove by Apandi, presumed that no laws had been broken and that the help did not add up to unite. Apandi was designated lawyer general by Najib in August 2015 after the past lawyer general, Najib unexpectedly rejected Abdul Gani Patail. Although Bernama, Malaysia’s state-run news benefit, detailed that Abdul Gani was expelled for wellbeing reasons numerous conjectured that his expulsion was identified with the 1MDB defilement examination. The Attorney General at that point said that the [Saudi Royal Family] was the wellspring of the $681 million gift, although questions stay as the Saudi services of outside issues and back had no data on the said blessing.
Najib Razak Wife and Children
In 1976 Najib Razak married Tengku Puteri Zainah Tengku Eskandar (‘Kui Yie’) but they divorced in 1987. They have three children Mohd Nizar Najib (born 1978), Mohd Nazifuddin Najib and Puteri Norlisa Najib.
In 1987 he married Datin Seri Rosmah Mansor with whom he has two children: Mohd Norashman Najib and Nooryana Najwa Najib. His daughter Nooryana is married to the nephew of Kazakhstani President, Nursultan Nazarbayev.
Najib Razak NEWS
MOF Malaysia claims Najib hid S$3.2b pipeline scandal in secret ‘red files’
Malaysia’s Finance Ministry said it has discovered that the previous administration run by ex-PM Najib Razak was hiding some seriously scandalous projects in the Ministry of Finance (MOF) under as ‘Red Files‘.
These are believed to form part of the projects kept as “red files”, which Minister of Finance Mr Lim Guan Eng said were hidden away from the scrutiny of most Treasury officials during Najib’s tenure.
Datuk Seri Najib was also finance minister during his nine years at the helm.
The current government has pledged that the Prime Minister of the country will not hold the post of Finance Minister, nor any other portfolio other than the Prime Minister’s role.
Lim said he discovered dubious payments worth RM8.3 billion made in two pipeline projects but only 13% of these projects are completed.
The projects are worth RM9.4 billion.
The projects – one multi-product petroleum pipeline running from Melaka and Negeri Sembilan to Kedah, and a gas pipeline from Kimanis to Sandakan and Tawau – are all handled by a wholly owned subsidiary of the MOF.
The Suria Strategic Energy Resources (SSER) was set up on 19 May 2016 with the specific intent to undertake the Multi-Product Pipeline (MPP) and the Trans-Sabah Gas Pipeline (TSGP) projects. Both projects were approved by the Cabinet on 27 July 2016.
Both projects were approved by the Cabinet in July 2016, under the previous Barisan Nasional administration.
“I have instructed my officers to file a report with the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission..
“We have discovered that the payment schedules for the above contracts are based almost entirely on timeline milestones, and not on progressive work completion milestones. Worse, based on the agreements signed, 85 per cent of the project value would be paid by March 1, 2018,” Mr Lim said.
According to the statement, the projects were awarded to China Petroleum Pipeline Bureau (CPPB) in November 2016.
The 600km multi-product petroleum pipeline (MPP) connecting Melaka and Port Dickson in Negeri Sembilan to Jitra, Kedah, costs about RM5.35 billion. Meanwhile, the 662km Trans-Sabah gas pipeline (TSGP) from Kimanis Gas Terminal to Sandakan and Tawau costs about RM4.06 billion.
SSER secured 85 per cent of funding for both projects from China Exim Bank in March last year, while the remaining 15 per cent was to be raised by issuing sukuk, or Islamic bonds. Both the China Exim Bank borrowings and the sukuk are secured by federal government guarantees.
The Board of Directors, and Tan Sri Irwan Serigar in particular must answer as to why SSER signed such a lopsided contract that clearly jeopardises the interest of the Malaysian people and government.
In addition, we would welcome the former Finance and Prime Minister, Dato’ Seri Najib Razak, who has been active on Facebook recently, to explain how he could possibly approve the above transactions.
Najib fights back
Najib Razak dismissed the accusations, saying the allegations were politically motivated.
In a Facebook post on Tuesday (Jun 5), Najib wrote: “To my recollection, I am confident that all necessary process procedures and laws have been complied with in the negotiation and execution of the two pipeline projects raised by Lim Guan Eng.”
Najib Razak said that he and Chinese Premier Li Keqiang had witnessed the signing of the memorandum of understanding (MOU) for the pipeline projects along with other projects while he was in Beijing on May 14, 2017.
He also said the two projects will be beneficial to the public.
Source: The Independent (7th June 2018)