Emmanuel Macron Biography
Born on December 21, 1977, Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron is a French politician who has served as President of France since 2017. From 2014 to 2016, he was previously Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs. Macron was born in Amiens and studied philosophy at the University of Paris Nanterre, graduated from the École nationale d’administration (ENA) in 2004 with a Master of Public Affairs at Sciences Po.
He worked at the Inspectorate General of Finances as a senior civil servant and later became an investment banker at Rothschild & Cie Banque.
In May 2012, François Hollande appointed Macron as Deputy Secretary General to the President. In August 2014, under the Second Valls government, he was appointed Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs where he pushed through business-friendly reforms.
He resigned to launch a bid in the presidential election of 2017 in August 2016. Macron ran in the election under the banner of a centrist political movement he founded in April 2016, En Marche!, after being a member of the Socialist Party from 2006 to 2009.
He won the election in the second round on May 7, 2017 with 66.1 percent of the vote. At the age of 39, Macron became France’s youngest president in history and appointed as prime minister Édouard Philippe. Macron’s party, renamed “La République en marche” (LREM), and its ally, the Democratic Movement (MoDem), secured a majority in the National Assembly in the legislative elections of June 2017.
- 1977 Emmanuel Macron born in Amiens, northern France
- 1995 Attends a prestigious high school in Paris. Studies philosophy at Nanterre university and public affairs at Sciences Po before moving to the École nationale d’administration (ENA) — an elite school preparing top candidates for France’s senior civil service
- 2004 Graduates from ENA to become an “Inspector of Finances” at the economy ministry
- 2008 Works as investment banker at Rothschild, where he earns about €2.9m, notably for his role in advising Nestlé on the acquisition of a Pfizer unit
- 2010 Begins work as economic adviser to François Hollande, the Socialist presidential candidate
- 2012 Serves as deputy secretary-general at the Elysée Palace
- 2014 Becomes economy minister in the Hollande government
- 2015 Introduces a business reform package that prime minister Manuel Valls forces through parliament despite protest from the public as well as within the Socialist party
- 2016 Resigns from government shortly before launching his own independent party En Marche!
Emmanuel Macron Age| Emmanuel Macron Real Height In Feet
Macron is 41 years old as of 2018. He is 24 years younger than his wife Brigitte Trogneux.
Emmanuel Macron Height.
He is 1.77 m tall.
Emmanuel Macron Children| Emmanuel Macron Family
Born in Amiens, Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron is the son of physicist Françoise (born Noguès) and neurology professor Jean-Michel Macron at Picardy University. In 2010, the couple was divorced. Macron has two brothers, Laurent, who was born in 1979 and Estelle, who was born in 1982.
The first child to be born stillborn was Françoise and Jean-Michel. Raised in a non-religious family, at the age of 12, he was baptized as a Roman Catholic on his own request, although today he is agnostic.
The legacy of the Macron family is traced back to the Hauts-de-France village of Authie. George William Robertson, one of Macron’s paternal great-grandfathers, was English and was born in Bristol, UK. His maternal grandparents, Jean and Germaine Noguès (born Arribet), are from the Pyrenean town of Bagnères-de-Bigorre, Gascony.
Bagnères-de-Bigorre was frequently visited by Macron to visit his grandmother, Germaine, whom he called “Manette” Macron associates his pleasure in reading and his left-wing political leanings with Germaine, who became a teacher then a principal after a modest upbringing of a father stationmaster and a housekeeper mother, and died in 2013.
Macron was predominantly educated at the Jesuit Lycée la Providence in Amiens before his parents sent him to finish his last year at the elite Lycée Henri-IV in Paris, where he completed his high school curriculum and undergraduate program with a “Bac S, Mention Très bien” At the same time, he was nominated in French literature for the “Concours Général” (most selective national high school competition) and received his diploma at the Amiens Conservatory for his piano studies.
His parents sent him off to Paris because of their alarm about the bond he had formed with Brigitte Auzière, a married teacher at Jésuites de la Providence with three children who later became his wife.
He failed to enter the École normale supérieure twice in Paris. Instead, he studied philosophy at Nanterre La Défense University of Paris-Ouest, obtaining a DEA degree (a master’s degree with a Machiavelli and Hegel thesis). Macron worked as an editorial assistant to Paul Ricoeur, the French Protestant philosopher who wrote his last major work, La Mémoire, l’Histoire, l’Oubli, around 1999. Macron worked primarily on bibliography and notes. Macron became a member of the literary magazine Esprit’s editorial board.
Macron did not serve nationally because he pursued his graduate studies. Born in December 1977, when service was compulsory, he belonged to the last year. Macron graduated from the Sciences Po with a Master’s degree in Public Affairs, with a Master’s degree in “Public Guidance and Economy” before training for a senior civil service career at the selective École nationale d’administration (ENA), training at an embassy in Nigeria and at an Oise office before graduating in 2004.
Emmanuel Macron Wife| Emmanuel Macron Wife Age And Story
Macron is married to his 24-year-old Brigitte Trogneux, who was a teacher at his high school in Amiens, La Providence High School. They met when she was a 15-year-old student and she was a 39-year-old teacher during a theatre workshop, but they only became a couple once he was 18.
His parents initially tried to separate the couple by sending him to Paris to finish the final year of his schooling as they felt the relationship was inappropriate for his youth. After Macron graduated, however, the couple reunited and were married in 2007.
From a previous marriage, she has three children, but Macron has no children of her own. The role of Trogneux in Macron’s 2017 presidential campaign was considered pivotal, with close allies from Macron stating that Trogneux helped Macron develop skills such as public speaking.
His best man was Henry Hermand (1924–2016), a businessman who, when he was Finance Inspector, loaned € 550,000 to Macron to buy his first Paris apartment. Hermand also let Macron use some of his offices for his En Marche movement on the Avenue des Champs Élysées in Paris.
Macron voted for the sovereign Jean-Pierre Chevènement in the 2002 French presidential election. In 2007, in the second round of the presidential election, Macron voted for Ségolène Royal. Macron expressed his support for François Hollande during the primary Socialist Party in 2011. He is also a pianist, having studied piano in his youth for ten years, and enjoying Schumann and Liszt’s work in particular. Macron is skiing as well, playing tennis and boxing. Macron also speaks fluent English in addition to his native French, as his grandfather is an Englishman from Bristol.
A photojournalist was arrested and detained by police in August 2017 for six hours after entering Macron’s private residence in Marseille. Subsequently, Macron lodged a complaint for “harassment.” dropping the complaint “as a gesture of appeasement.” in September 2017. On 27 August 2017, President Macron and his wife Brigitte adopted Nemo, a black Labrador Retriever-Griffon dog living with them in the Élysée Palace. In June 2018, after being baptized as a Roman Catholic when he was a schoolboy, Macron identified himself as an agnostic before meeting with Pope Francis.
Emmanuel Macron Approval Rating.
Macron’s Approval Rating Rises to 28 Percent, Ifop Poll Shows.
French President Emmanuel Macron’s approval rating has inched 1 point higher from last month, to 28 percent, according to a poll carried out by Ifop for Le Journal du Dimanche newspaper.
This marks the second monthly rise for the president, who launched a series of national debates in an effort to respond to the grievances of France’s “Yellow Vest” protesters after his popularity touched a low of 23 percent in December.
Saturday marked the 14th consecutive week of protests, though the number of participants dwindled by about 10,000 from last weekend to some 41,500, according to Interior Ministry figures cited by Agence France-Presse. An Elabe poll published on Feb. 13 showed for the first time that a majority of people, or 56 percent, want the protests to stop.
The approval rating of French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe also rose by 1 point from January, to 31 percent, according to the Ifop poll published on Sunday.
Ifop surveyed 1,891 adults via the internet and by telephone between Feb. 7 and Feb. 16.
Emmanuel Macron Education |Emmanuel Macron Professional Career.
Official documents show that between 2009 and 2013, Macron had earned almost €3 million. Manuel Valls attempted to appoint Macron as the Budget Minister but François Hollande rejected the idea due to Macron never being elected before.
The “Macron Law” was Macron’s signature law package that was eventually pushed through parliament using the 49.3 procedure.
Macron presented the Macron Law to a council of ministers. The OECD estimated that the Macron Law would generate a “0.3% increase in GDP over five-years and a 0.4% increase over 10-years” Ludovic Subran, the chief economist at credit insurance company, Euler Hermes, estimated that Macron Law would give France a GDP increase of 0.5%. Before forming his political party En marche, Macron had hosted a series of events with him speaking in public, his first one in March 2015 in Val-de-Marne.
Tensions around the question of Macron’s loyalty to the Valls government and Hollande himself increased when Hollande and Valls turned down a proposal for a law put forward by Macron.
The law, titled “Macron 2” was going to be much bigger than the original Macron law with a larger aim of making the French economy competitive.
A liberal, progressive political movement that gathered huge media coverage when it was first established, the party and Macron were both reprimanded by President Hollande and the question of Macron’s loyalty to the government was raised.
In June 2016, support for Macron and his movement, En marche, began to grow in the media with L’Express, Les Echos, Le 1 and L’Opinion beginning to voice public support for Macron.
Macron initially planned to leave after the cancellation of his “Macron 2” law but after a meeting with President François Hollande, he decided to stay and an announcement was planned to declare that Macron was committed to the government.
Shortly after announcing his run, Jean-Christophe Cambadélis and Manuel Valls both asked Macron to run in the Socialist Party presidential primary though Macron ultimately refused.
Jean-Christophe Cambadélis began to threaten to exclude members who associated or supported Macron following Lyon mayor Gérard Collomb’s declaration of support for Macron.
Macron came under criticism from several individuals, including Benoît Hamon who requested Macron reveal a list of his donors accusing him of conflicts of interest due to Macron’s past at Rothschilds.
Macron replied to this, calling Hamon’s behavior “Demagogic.” It was later reported by journalists Marion L’Hour and Frédéric Says that Macron had spent €120,000 on setting up dinners and meetings with various personalities within the media and in French popular culture while he was minister.
Michel Sapin, his successor and Minister of Economy saw nothing illegal about Macron’s actions saying that Macron had the right to spend the funds.
Many observers have compared Macron’s campaign to a product being sold due to Maurice Lévy, a former CEO using marketing tactics to try to advance Macron’s presidential ambitions.
The magazine Marianne has reported that BFMTV, whose owner is Patrick Drahi, has broadcast more coverage of Macron than all four main candidates combined, Marianne has said this may be due to Macron’s campaign having links with Drahi through a former colleague of Drahi, Bernard Mourad. After a range of comparisons to centrist, François Bayrou, Bayrou announced he wasn’t going to stand in the presidential election and instead form an electoral alliance with Macron which went into effect on 22 February 2017, and has since lasted with En marche and the Democratic Movement becoming allies in the National Assembly.
Macron’s supporters celebrating his victory at the Louvre on 7 May 2017 Macron accumulated a wide array of supporters, securing endorsements from François Bayrou of the Democratic Movement, MEP Daniel Cohn-Bendit, the ecologist candidate François de Rugy of the primary of the left, and Socialist MP Richard Ferrand, secretary-general of En marche, as well as numerous others – many of them from the Socialist Party, but also a significant number of centrist and centre-right politicians.
In March 2017, Macron’s digital campaign manager, Mounir Mahjoubi, told Britain’s Sky News that Russia is behind “High level attacks” on Macron, and said that its state media are “The first source of false information”.
Macron formally became President on 14 May. He appointed Patrick Strzoda as his chief of staff and Ismaël Emelien as his special advisor for strategy, communication and speeches.
In the 2017 legislative election, Macron’s party La République en marche and its Democratic Movement allies secured a comfortable majority, winning 350 seats out of 577.
Macron qualified for the runoff after the first round of the election on 23 April 2017.
In response to Penelopegate, the National Assembly passed a part of Macron’s proposed law to stop mass corruption in French politics by July 2017, banning elected representatives from hiring family members.
Macron aims to shift union-management relations away from the adversarial lines of the current French system and toward a more flexible, consensus-driven system modelled after Germany and Scandinavia.
D’Estaing even said himself in 2016 that he was “a little like Macron.” Observers have noted that while they are alike ideologically, d’Estaing had ministerial experience and time in Parliament to show for his political life while Macron had never been elected before.
Economy Macron addressing the World Economic Forum 2018 in Davos, Switzerland Macron has advocated in favour of the free market and reducing the public-finances deficit.
In his book Révolution, published in November 2016, Macron presents himself as both a “Leftist” and a “Liberal … if by liberalism one means trust in man.” With his party En marche, Macron’s stated aim is to transcend the left-right divide in a manner similar to François Bayrou or Jacques Chaban-Delmas, asserting that “The real divide in our country … is between progressives and conservatives”.
With the launch of his independent candidacy and his use of anti-establishment rhetoric, Macron has been labelled a “Populist” by some observers, notably Manuel Valls, but Macron rejects this term.
During the 2017 Presidential Election, Macron proposed cutting the corporate tax rate from 33.3% to 25%. Macron also wants to remove investment income from the wealth tax so that it is solely a tax on high-value property.
Protest against President Macron and his economic policies in Paris on 5 May 2018 Macron has advocated for the end of the 35 hour work week; however, his view has changed over time and he now seeks reforms that aim to preserve the 35 hour work week while increasing France’s competitiveness.
Regarding the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, Macron stated in June 2016 that “The conditions are not met”, adding that “We mustn’t close the door entirely” and “Need a strong link with the US”. In April 2017, Macron called for a “Rebalancing” of Germany’s trade surplus, saying that “Germany benefits from the imbalances within the Eurozone and achieves very high trade surpluses”.
The money would be used to sponsor research projects and scientific laboratories, as well as to finance startup companies within the country whose focus is AI. Foreign policy See also: List of international presidential trips made by Emmanuel Macron The G7 leaders, 26 May 2017 Macron and U.S. President Donald Trump in Paris on the eve of Bastille Day, July 2017 Macron described France’s colonization of Algeria as a “Crime against humanity”.
Macron has called for a peaceful solution during the 2017 North Korea crisis, though he agreed to work with US President Trump against North Korea.
Macron condemned the persecution of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar.
In response to the Turkish invasion of northern Syria aimed at ousting U.S.-backed Syrian Kurds from the enclave of Afrin, Macron said that Turkey must respect Syria’s sovereignty, despite his condemnation of Bashar al-Assad. Macron has voiced support for the Saudi Arabian-led military campaign against Yemen’s Shiite rebels.
In response to the death of Chinese Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo, who died of organ failure while in government custody, Macron praised Liu as “a freedom fighter”.
European Union Macron with Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni, during the G7 summit in Taormina, on 26 May 2017 An article in the New York Times described Emmanuel Macron as “Ardently pro-Europe” and stated that he “Has proudly embraced an unpopular European Union.” Macron was described by some as Europhile and federalist but he describes himself as “Neither pro-European, eurosceptic nor a federalist in the classical sense”, and his party as “The only pro-European political force in France”.
Others Macron with Russian President Vladimir Putin at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum on 24 May 2018 President Macron supports NATO and its role in the security of eastern European states and he also said pressure NATO partners like Poland to uphold what he called “European values”.
” Macron’s official state visit to the United States, 24 April 2018 Security and terrorism Macron believes that the proposed reform bill on deprivation of citizenship for French-born and naturalized citizens convicted on terrorism charges was not a “concrete solution” and believes that “the endless prolongation of the state of emergency raises legitimate questions”.
” Macron made a subtle reference to Chirac’s 1995 apology when he added, “I say it again here.
Emmanuel Macron Net Worth| Emmanuel Macron Salary
His bank accounts hold approximately $140,000, and he declared a book advance from his publisher worth $300,000. Finally, he maintains stock holdings worthapproximately $65,000.
The apparent discrepancy between his career as a banker and his financial statements raised numerous questions during the campaign.
Emmanuel Macron World Cup
A fan of football association, Macron is a supporter of the French Olympique de Marseille club. During the 2018 World Cup, he took part in the semi-final between France and Belgium with Belgian King Philippe and Queen Mathilde. Macron sat and celebrated together with Croatian President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović at the World Cup final against Croatia.
The celebrations, reactions and interactions of Macron with the Croatian president attracted widespread media attention, lifting the approval ratings of both leaders slightly. Photos of Macron celebrating the victory of France went viral on social media, with pictures of him standing on a table, kissing the trophy of the World Cup, and standing in rainfall hugging French players circulating through the international press. With the two leaders parodied as an enamored couple, Macron’s affectionate embraces of Grabar-Kitarović also went viral on social media.
Emmanuel Macron Rothschild
Emmanuel Macron’s Rothschild years make him an easy election target.
When Emmanuel Macron told friends in 2008 he was joining Rothschild, the prestigious investment bank, the then 30-year-old civil servant was warned it could scupper a future career in politics. “You’re conscious that banking is not any kind of job? And Rothschild not any kind of bank?” said one friend to the man who, nine years later, would become frontrunner in France’s presidential election.
Mr Macron shrugged off the warnings and learnt the ropes of debt restructuring and mergers and acquisitions, earning €2.9m and a nickname — “the Mozart of finance” — for his role advising Nestlé on its $12bn acquisition of a unit of Pfizer in 2012. At Rothschild he found himself at the heart of French business intrigues, acquiring the codes and jargon of a world where careers largely depend on having attended the right elite university.
Now, with France still scarred by the global financial crisis, Mr Macron’s four-year investment banking stint has made him an easy target for rivals in a presidential contest fraught with scandals and populist jabs. Far-right leader Marine Le Pen, who opinion polls suggest will face Mr Macron in the election’s decisive run-off round in May, has portrayed the centrist politician as the “candidate of finance”. Socialist candidate Benoît Hamon has demanded that Mr Macron disclose the list of his wealthy donors, while hard-left Jean-Luc Mélenchon has pointed to the “power of money” behind his candidacy.
Even the pro-business Republican party, whose candidate François Fillon is embroiled in a corruption probe involving a billionaire friend, released a drawing of the rookie politician with a hooked nose and top hat, tapping into 1930s antisemitic conspiratorial imagery (Mr Fillon has apologised and promised to punish those responsible).
Mr Macron said his business connections would not influence his policies. “I am free,” he insisted as he fought off attacks during a televised debate last week. The presidential hopeful is not the first French politician with experience in finance. Georges Pompidou worked at Rothschild for eight years before becoming Charles de Gaulle’s prime minister and successor in the Elysée Palace in the 1960s.
But the eurozone debt crisis, and an underlying suspicion of money and capitalism, have deepened anti-bank sentiment, according to Luc Rouban, a professor at Sciences Po Cevipof. “Most candidates are vowing to rein in finance,” Prof Rouban says. “This makes Macron look like the candidate of the globalised elite.”
Former Rothschild colleagues and clients who worked with Mr Macron describe a hard-working, ambitious beginner who learnt fast and had a “gift for empathy” with clients. The graduate of ENA, the elite school that breeds France’s future leaders, came recommended by powerful alumni of the institution, including François Henrot, a longtime Rothschild partner. But young bankers were not so impressed.
“He was the guy who would constantly say ‘thank you’,” a former colleague said. “He didn’t know what ebitda [earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation] was. He didn’t try to hide it. And instead of looking it up in a corporate finance book, he asked around, which was disarming.” Another banker who came across Mr Macron on several occasions says that his ambition was always “two steps ahead of his experience”, adding: “When you are smart like him that means you are fine 98 per cent of the time, but that means that in 2 per cent of the time you can end up in a hole. But he managed to avoid any problems.”
What Mr Macron lacked in technical knowledge and jargon at first, he made up for with contacts in government, says Sophie Javary, head of BNP Paribas’ corporate finance in Europe, who was asked by Mr Henrot to coach Mr Macron in the first year. “He didn’t know anything but he understood it all,” says Alain Minc, an adviser who took him on to help on the debt restructuring of Spanish media group Prisa.
In a twist of fate epitomising the close ties between the Paris business and political elites, Mr Macron was part of the Rothschild team advising Thierry Breton, a former economy minister turned chief executive of technology firm Atos, on the purchase of a Siemens IT unit in 2010. Four years later, it was Mr Macron who became economy minister. On the Atos deal, Mr Macron “had a fairly junior role at the time — he would be asked to redo the financial models on Excel, the basics,” recalled an adviser.
But a few days after the deal was announced, Mr Macron was made a partner. A few months later, he stunned colleagues and rivals by winning a role in Nestlé’s purchase of Pfizer’s infant food operations. At the time, Lazard, Rothschild’s arch-rival in Paris, dominated cross-border dealmaking and had a close relationship with the Swiss group. Luckily for Mr Macron, Lazard was conflicted because French yoghurt maker Danone, another of its clients, was also eyeing the deal. It also helped that Mr Macron had already made an impression on Nestlé’s chairman.
Peter Brabeck-Letmathe had served on a cross-party panel on reforming the French economy; before joining Rothschild, Mr Macron had helped draft the panel’s report. At the bank, Mr Macron mastered the art of networking and navigated around the numerous conflicts of interest that arise in close-knit Parisian business circles, making good use of his connections as an Inspecteur des Finances — an elite corps of the very highest-ranking graduates from ENA.
In 2010, he advised, for free, the staff of Le Monde when the newspaper was put up for sale. Journalists at the daily started doubting his loyalty when they happened upon him in conversation with Mr Minc, who was representing a bidding consortium that the staff opposed. They did not know that it was Mr Minc, a fellow Inspecteur des Finances, who had helped the young Mr Macron secure his interview at Rothschild.
A media executive who was part of the same consortium recalled: “It wasn’t clear who Emmanuel worked for. He was around, trading intelligence, friends with everyone. It was smart, because he got to know everybody in the media world.”
Mr Macron moved up, while some stayed put, whatever their experience. Pierre Albouy, a less-favoured pharmaceuticals dealmaker at Rothschild, was the first in the bank to pitch the Nestlé-Pfizer deal, arranging two meetings between the companies in Vevey long before the US company put its infant unit up for sale, according to two people with knowledge of the matter. He left Rothschild after it was suggested he had little chance of becoming a partner. Mr Albouy declined to comment for this story.
Mr Macron says he does not regret his Rothschild years. “I have learnt a job; every political leader should have one,” he wrote in his book Revolution, released earlier this year. En route to becoming a politician, Mr Macron made use of his banking skills. As economic adviser to President François Hollande, he leaned on the Peugeot family to appoint the industrialist Louis Gallois (another ENA graduate) as chairman of the troubled carmaker as part of a state bailout.
The Peugeot family was advised by Etienne Boursican, a corporate lawyer, who happens to be Mr Fillon’s son-in-law. Mr Macron’s time at the bank shows how he sought to benefit from a network of contacts within France’s tight-knit establishment — in contrast with his campaign promises to rid the country’s “insiders” of their “privileges”. “The issue for Macron is that he is the symbol of the French oligarchic elite, which is difficult to reconcile with his promise of renewal and political disruption,” Prof Rouban notes.
While he wants to overturn the bipartisan structure of French politics, the centrist candidate does not question the way elites are trained and recruited, notes Jean Garrigues, a historian. “He comes from a middle-class background (he is the son of a neurology professor and a doctor from Amiens), he is no heir, so he is proof that merit has still its place in this elitist system.” “He’s a perfect product of the French Republican monarchy,” Mr Minc says. “There are two Frances, one that’s doing well and another that’s not. He is a son of the former. He wants to convince the latter that their children will be able to join him in the former.”
Emmanuel Macron Revolution
The bestselling memoir by France’s president, Emmanuel Macron.
Some believe that our country is in decline, that the worst is yet to come, that our civilization is withering away. That only isolation or civil strife are on our horizon. That to protect ourselves from the great transformations taking place around the globe, we should go back in time and apply the recipes of the last century.
Others imagine that France can continue on its slow downward slide. That the game of political juggling―first the Left, then the Right―will allow us breathing space. The same faces and the same people who have been around for so long.
I am convinced that they are all wrong. It is their models, their recipes, that have simply failed. France as a whole has not failed.Read more
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Emmanuel Macron Speech Transcript
Emmanuel Macron’s speech at Commemoration of the centenary of the Armistice.
On 7 November 1918, when Bugle Corporal Pierre Sellier sounded the first ceasefire at around 10 a.m., many soldiers couldn’t believe it; they then emerged slowly from their positions while, in the distance, the same bugle calls repeated the ceasefire and then the notes of the Last Post, before church bells spread the news throughout the country.
On 11 November 1918, at 11 a.m., 100 years ago to the day and the hour, in Paris and throughout France, the bugles sounded and the bells of every church rang out.
It was the Armistice.
It was the end of four long and terrible years of deadly fighting. And yet the Armistice didn’t mean peace. And in the east, for several years, appalling wars continued.
Here, that same day, the French and their allies celebrated their victory. They had fought for their homelands and for freedom. To that end, they had agreed to every sacrifice and every kind of suffering. They had experienced a hell that no one can imagine.
We should take a moment to remember that huge procession of soldiers from metropolitan France and the empire, legionnaires and Garibaldians, and foreigners who had come from all over the world because, for them, France represented everything decent in the world.
Alongside the shadows of Peugeot, the first soldier to fall, and Trébuchon, the last to die for France 10 minutes before the Armistice, they include the primary schooteacher Kléber Dupuy who defended Duaumont, Apollinaire, Blaise Cendrars in the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion, soldiers from the Basque, Breton and Marseille regiments, Captain de Gaulle, whom nobody knew then, Julien Green the American at the door of his ambulance, Montherlant and Giono, Charles Péguy and Alain Fournier who fell in the first weeks, and Joseph Kessel who had come from Orenburg in Russia.
And all the others, all the others who are ours, or rather to whom we belong and whose names we can read on every monument, from the sunny mountains of Corsica to the Alpine valleys, from Sologne to the Vosges, from the Pointe du Raz to the Spanish border. Yes, a single France, rural and urban, middle-class, aristocratic and working-class, of all hues, where priests and anti-clericals suffered side by side and whose heroism and pain made us what we are.
During those four years, Europe very nearly committed suicide. Mankind was plunged into a hideous maze of ruthless battles, a hell that swallowed up every soldier, whatever side they were on and whatever their nationality.
From the next day, the day after the Armistice, the grim count began of the dead, the wounded, the maimed and the missing. Here in France, but also in each country, families waited in vain for months, for the return of a father, a brother, a husband, a fiancé, and those missing people also included the admirable women who worked alongside the soldiers.
Ten million dead.
Six million wounded and maimed.
Three million widows.
Six million orphans.
Millions of civilian victims.
A million shells fired on French soil alone.
The world discovered the scale of the wounds concealed by the fervour of fighting. The tears of the dying were replaced by those of the survivors, because the whole world had come to fight on French soil. Young men from every province and from overseas France, young men from Africa, the Pacific, the Americas and Asia came to die far from their families, in villages whose names they didn’t even know.
The millions of witnesses from every nation recounted the horror of the fighting, the stench of the trenches, the desolation of the battlefields, the cries of the wounded in the night, and the destruction of lush landscapes until all that remained were the charred silhouettes of trees. Many of those who returned had lost their youth, their ideals, the joy of living. Many were disfigured, blind, amputated. For a long time, winners and losers mourned equally.
1918 was 100 years ago. It seems far away. And yet it was only yesterday!
I’ve travelled the length and breadth of French lands where the harshest battles took place. In my country I’ve seen the still grey and sterile earth of the battlefields! I’ve seen the destroyed villages which had no more inhabitants to rebuild them and which now only bear witness, stone by stone, to the folly of man!
I’ve seen on our monuments the litany of Frenchmen’s names alongside the names of foreigners who died under the French sun; I’ve seen where the bodies of our soldiers lie buried beneath a landscape that has become innocent again, just as I’ve seen where, jumbled together in mass graves, lie the bones of German and French soldiers who, one freezing winter, killed one another for a few metres of ground…
The traces of that war have never been erased in the lands of France, in those of Europe and the Middle East, or in the memories of people throughout the world.
Let’s remember! Let’s not forget! Because the memory of those sacrifices encourages us to be worthy of those who died for us, so that we could live in freedom!
Let’s remember: let’s take away none of the purity, the idealism, the higher principles that existed in the patriotism of our elders. In those dark hours, that vision of France as a generous nation, of France as a project, of France promoting universal values, was the exact opposite of the egotism of a people who look after only their interests, because patriotism is the exact opposite of nationalism: nationalism is a betrayal of it. In saying “our interests first and who cares about the rest!” you wipe out what’s most valuable about a nation, what brings it alive, what leads it to greatness and what is most important: its moral values.
Let us – the other French people – remember what Clemenceau proclaimed on the day of victory, 100 years ago to the day, from the National Assembly rostrum, before the Marseillaise rang out in an unparalleled chorus: France, which fought for what is right and for freedom, would always and forever be a soldier of ideals.
It’s those values and those virtues that sustained the people we’re honouring today, those who sacrificed themselves in the fighting to which the nation and democracy had committed them. It’s those values, those virtues that made them strong, because they guided their hearts.
The lesson of the Great War cannot be that of resentment by one people against others, any more than it can be to forget the past. It’s a rootedness that forces us to think about the future and what is essential.
From 1918 onwards, our predecessors tried to build peace, invented the first forms of international cooperation, dismantled empires, recognized many nations and redrafted borders; they even dreamed then of a political Europe.
But humiliation, the spirit of revenge and the economic and moral crisis fuelled the rise of nationalism and totalitarianism. Twenty years later, war came once again to devastate the paths of peace.
Here today, peoples of the whole world, see just how many of your leaders are gathered on this sacred slab, the burial place of our Unknown Soldier, the poilu [First World War infantryman] who is the anonymous symbol of all those who die for their homeland!
Each of those peoples carries in its wake a long cohort of fighters and martyrs who emerged from it. Each of them is the face of that hope for which a whole young generation agreed to die: that of a world finally peaceful again, a world where friendship between peoples prevails over warlike passions, a world where the spirit of reconciliation prevails over the temptation of cynicism, where bodies and forums enable yesterday’s enemies to engage in dialogue and make it the binding force for understanding, the guarantee of a harmony that is finally possible.
On our continent, such is the friendship forged between Germany and France and the desire to build a foundation of shared ambitions. Such is the European Union, a freely agreed union never seen in history, delivering us from our civil wars. Such is the United Nations Organization, the guarantor of a spirit of cooperation to defend common goods in a world whose destiny is inextricably linked and which has learned the lessons of the painful failures of both the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles.
It’s this certainty that the worst is never inevitable when men and women of goodwill exist. Let’s tirelessly, unashamedly, fearlessly be those men and women of goodwill!
I know, the old demons are reappearing, ready to do their work of spreading chaos and death. New ideologies are manipulating religions and advocating a contagious obscurantism. At times, history threatens to resume its tragic course and jeopardize the peace we’ve inherited and which we thought we had secured for good with the blood of our ancestors.
So let this anniversary day be one on which there is a renewed sense of eternal loyalty to our dead! Let’s again take the United Nations’ oath to place peace higher than anything, because we know its price, we know its weight, we know its demands!
We political leaders must all, here, on this 11 November 2018, reaffirm to our peoples the genuine, huge responsibility we have of passing on to our children the world previous generations dreamed about.
Let’s combine our hopes instead of pitting our fears against each other! Together, we can keep at bay these threats – global warming, poverty, hunger, disease, inequality and ignorance. We’ve begun this battle and can win it: let’s continue with it, because victory is possible!
Together we can break with the new “treason of the intellectuals” which is at work and fuels untruths, accepts the injustice consuming our peoples and sustains extremes and present-day obscurantism.
Together we can bring about the extraordinary flourishing of science, the arts, trade, education and medicine, which I can see the beginnings of throughout the world, because our world is – if we want it to be – at the dawn of a new era, a civilization taking man’s ambitions and faculties to the highest level.
Ruining this hope because of a fascination with self-absorption, violence and domination would be a mistake which future generations would rightly make us historically responsible for. Here, today, let us face with dignity how we are judged in the future.
France knows what it owes its soldiers and every soldier from all over the world. It respects their greatness.
France respectfully and solemnly pays tribute to the dead of other nations it once fought. It stands at their side.
“It is in vain that our feet detach themselves from the soil that holds the dead”, wrote Guillaume Apollinaire.
On the graves where they are buried, may the certainty flourish that a better world is possible if we want it, decide it, build it and will it with all our heart.
Today, on 11 November 2018, 100 years after a massacre whose scar is still visible on the face of the world, I thank you for this gathering which renews the fraternity of 11 November 1918.
May this gathering not last just one day. This fraternity, my friends, actually calls on us to wage the only battle worth waging: the battle for peace, the battle for a better world.
Long live peace between peoples and states!
Long live the free nations of the world!
Long live the friendship between peoples!
Long live France!
Emmanuel Macron News
French President Emmanuel Macron To Visit Kenya.
French President Emmanuel Macron is scheduled to be in the country on March 13 and 14,2019.
In what makes the first state visit by a French President to Kenya, Macron will be jetting in from another visit in Ethiopia.
It is noted that he will be focusing on cementing Franco-Kenyan agreement on the promotion of skills and talents through education, training, innovation and research.
French Ambassador to Kenya Aline Kuster – Menager stated that the agreement intends to, “build a balanced knowledge and skill partnership, serving young people in both countries.
“France is a key economic development partner to Kenya in education and research as well as in the Blue Economy. We are particularly focused on production training to create jobs through TVET (Technical and Vocational Education and Training),” she added.
The ambassador confirmed that there will be signing of agreements.
“The prospects of university and scientific cooperation between both parties will be discussed in the framework of a conference to be organised every two years in Kenya,” she noted.
She noted that the two states will reinforce language exchanges by promoting their languages in the partner’s education system.
Macron will also have a session with students at the University of Nairobi.
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