Miguel De Cervantes Biography
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra was a Spanish writer who is regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world’s pre-eminent novelists. He was born on 29 September 1547 in Alcalá de Henares and died on 23 April 1616. His parents were Rodrigo Cervantes and his wife Leonor
Miguel de Cervantes born Don Quixote is sometimes considered the first modern novel, a classic of Western literature, and among the best works of fiction ever written. His influence on the Spanish language has been so great that the language is often called the language of Cervantes. He has also been dubbed The Prince of Wits.
In 1569, in forced exile from Castile, he moved to Rome, where he worked as chamber assistant of a cardinal. He then enlisted as a soldier in a Spanish Navy infantry regiment and continued his military life until 1575, when he was capture, he then returned to his family in Madrid.
He published La Galatea, a pastoral novel in the year 1585, he worked as a purchasing agent for the Spanish Armada and later as a tax collector for the government. In 1597, discrepancies in his accounts for three years previous landed him in the Crown Jail of Seville.
He was in Valladolid when the immediate success of the first part of his Don Quixote, signalled his return to the literary world in 1605. In 1607, he settled in Madrid, where he lived and worked until his death. During the last nine years of his life, Cervantes solidified his reputation as a writer, publishing Exemplary Novels in 1613, Journey to Parnassus in 1614, and Ocho comedias y ocho entremeses and the second part of Don Quixote in 1615. His last work, was published posthumously in 1617.
Calle Miguel De Cervantes
Miguel De Cervantes Books
- Don Quixote
- Nazidatel’nye novelly
- The galatea
- The little gypsy
- The Works of Persiles and Sigismunda
- Rinconete y Cortadillo
- Trip to Parnassus
- The Colloquium of the dogs
- The lawyer Vidriera
- The deceitful marriage
- The English Espanola
- Deceptive marriage
- The force of blood
- The Dialogue of the Dogs
- The illustrious mop
- The Liberal Lover
- The Two Damsels
- The jealous Extremaduran
- The Generous Lover
- The portable Cervantes
- Works by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
- The two maidens
- Mrs. Cornelia
- Eight Interludes
- The judge of divorces
- The Lady Cornelia
- The great sultana
- Pedro, The Great Pretender
- Scenes from Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes
- The Licentiate Stained Glass
- The cave of Salamanca
- The Careful Guard / The Careful Guard
- Wit and wisdom of Don Quixote
- The curious impertinent
- The house of jealousy
- The False Vizcaino
- The Quixote First Part
- The election of the Daganzo Mayors
- Rincon and Cortado
- The wanderings of Persiles and Sigismund
- The Tales of Don Quixote
- Poems of Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
- Don Quixote, Part 2
- Don Quixote of Mances
- The weeks of the garden
- History of the admirable Don Quixote de la Manche
Miguel De Cervantes Plays
The Siege of Numantia
The Algiers deals
The Magic Theater
The Jealous Old Man
The gallant Spanish
The Blistering Ruffian
The labyrinth of love
The baths of Algiers
Miguel De Cervantes Don Quixote
The Ingenious Nobleman Sir Quixote of La Mancha, or just Don Quixote, is a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes.
Originally published: 1615
Author : Miguel de Cervantes
Language: Early Modern Spanish
Original title : The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha
Characters : Sancho Panza , Alonso Quijano , Dulcinea del Toboso
Miguel De Cervantes Facts
There are 7 Facts many do not know about him, they are listed below.
He Was From A Large Family
He was born in Alcalá de Henares and was the fourth of the seven children born to Rodrigo Cervantes, who worked as a surgeon, and Leonor de Cortinas, who knew how to read and write, a very rare skill for women at the time. Their first-born child was a son named Andres who sadly died a few days after birth. In 1544, Andrea, the eldest of the sisters, was born. Then came Luisa in 1546, who later decided to join the Catholic Church as a nun. Miguel de Cervantes, the eldest of the surviving sons, was born in 1547 – three years before his younger brother Rodrigo. The youngest of the children were Magdalena, who died five years before Cervantes himself, and the youngest child, Juan, born in 1555 and who died at an unknown date.
He Was A Military Man
He is also known under the name of Manco de Lepanto; according to historians, he decided to join the military in 1570 when he enlisted in Napoles under the command of Don Miguel de Moncada. Cervantes was aboard La Marquesa with his brother Rodrigo during the Battle of Lepanto, which took place on the 7th of October 1571. During the battle he suffered bad injuries to his left hand, partially crippling it. However, this did not stop him; after his recovery, he participated in other battles from 1572 to 1575, until Cervantes and his brother Rodrigo embarked on a trip back to Spain. They suffered the misfortune of being captured and were taken as a prisoners to Algiers where they were held captive by the Moorish ship captain Dali Mami, also known as ‘El Cojo.’ The value of his ransom was ‘500 escudos de oro,’ an amount his family could not afford to pay, resulting in him remaining a prisoner for five years, despite his unsuccessful attempts to escape.
His True Appearance Remains Unknown
To date, the only information known about the appearance of Miguel de Cervantes’ face is his own description as it appears in the prologue of his work Exemplary Novels: ‘This you see here of aquiline face, brown hair, forehead smooth and emptied, of bright eyes and nose curved, although well provided….’ All the existing portraits of Cervantes were based on this description, which was written when the author was approximately 60 years of age. The most famous oil painting is attributed to Juan de Jáuregui who was a poet, painter and literary academic. Indeed, in the prologue that Cervantes wrote in his Exemplary Novels, he explicitly states that his portrait should be painted by Jáuregui. This portrait is located in the Real Academia Española (REA), but there remains some controversy over its authenticity.
His Family Went Through Financial Hardship
Miguel de Cervantes grew up in a family with economic difficulties; his father’s work was never enough to pay the bills, and on one occasion, his father was sent to jail. Even during Cervantes’ time as a prisoner at the hands of El Cojo, his mother had to ask for a loan, and then waited five years before being able to pay his ransom. Cervantes had worked throughout his lifetime but never earned enough to lead a comfortable life. Despite the success of his masterpiece Don Quixote, published in 1604, Miguel de Cervantes died 12 years later in poverty, having never received any payment for its publication.
There Are Parallels Between Cervantes’ And Shakespeare’s Lives
William Shakespeare was not only a contemporary of Cervantes but also a great admirer of his writing. In 1613, Shakespeare wrote a piece named The History of Cadenio, based on a character named Cardenio taken from Cervantes’ novel Don Quixote. In addition, the date selected for the World Book Day is April 23rd because Cervantes died on April 22nd but was buried the next day. Shakespeare died on May the 3rd, but at that time, the English people used the Julian calendar, and its equivalent in the Gregorian calendar is, in fact, April the 23rd.
He Had A Difficult And Troubled Life
A childhood spent among a family with grave financial problems, a severe hand injury from battle at war, held a prisoner for five years – as if it was not enough suffering, Cervantes was also sent to jail on two occasions, the first time for a short stint in 1592. The second time was from September to December of 1597 when he was approximately 50 years old. It was during this time in prison that the idea for Don Quixote was first born. At the time, he worked as a tax collector, a profession which enjoyed very little popularity among his fellow citizens, and he was accused of improperly appropriating public money. Also, because of his work as a tax collector, Cervantes was excommunicated from the Catholic Church on three occasions, as they did not approve of being charged taxes that were intended for the war. It is also believed that Cervantes struggled with a stutter for most of his life.
His Final Resting Place Long Remained A Mystery
Miguel de Cervantes died at the age of 68, a considerably good age for the time. The likely cause of his death was the diabetes from which he suffered. Approximately two weeks before his death, Cervantes entered the Third Order of Franciscans, most likely to show his gratefulness for the money that was lent to his family by the Order for his rescue from captivity in Algiers. In his testament, he requested to be buried in the church that belonged to the Convent of the Barefoot Trinitarians, in the same neighborhood where he lived. However, his coffin was later lost and the exact location of his final resting place long remained a mystery… until recently! In 2015, a team of forensic experts located what they claim to be the bones of Miguel de Cervantes alongside those of his wife and 16 other people. Unfortunately, DNA testing and the search for signs of the injuries he suffered in battle have so far been unable to confirm for certain that his remains are among those found. But many believe this is the end of the 400-year-old mystery.
Miguel De Cervantes Quotes
- The eyes those silent tongues of love.
- Those who’ll play with cats must expect to be scratched.
- To be prepared is half the victory.
- Truth will rise above falsehood as oil above water.
- The knowledge of yourself will preserve you from vanity.
- Never stand begging for that which you have the power to earn.
- Too much sanity may be madness and the maddest of all, to see life as it is and not as it should be.
- Too much sanity may be madness and the maddest of all, to see life as it is and not as it should be.
- Proverbs are short sentences drawn from long experience.
- Forewarned, forearmed; to be prepared is half the victory.
- Diligence is the mother of good fortune, and idleness, its opposite, never brought a man to the goal of any of his best wishes.
- He who loses wealth loses much; he who loses a friend loses more; but he that loses his courage loses all.
- In order to attain the impossible, one must attempt the absurd.
- A proverb is a short sentence based on long experience.
- The bow cannot always stand bent, nor can human frailty subsist without some lawful recreation.
- I do not say a proverb is amiss when aptly and reasonably applied, but to be forever discharging them, right or wrong, hit or miss, renders conversation insipid and vulgar.
- Modesty, tis a virtue not often found among poets, for almost every one of them thinks himself the greatest in the world.
- Pray look better, Sir… those things yonder are no giants, but windmills.
- There is no greater folly in the world than for a man to despair.
- Be a terror to the butchers, that they may be fair in their weight; and keep hucksters and fraudulent dealers in awe, for the same reason.
- Liberty, as well as honor, man ought to preserve at the hazard of his life, for without it life is insupportable.
- God bears with the wicked, but not forever.
- There is nothing so subject to the inconstancy of fortune as war.
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