Complications of Diabetes
Diabetes increases your risk for many serious health problems. however, with the correct treatment and recommended lifestyle changes, many people with diabetes are able to prevent or delay the onset of complications. A higher or very low blood sugar levels can also cause emergencies to humans with diabetes. The cause can be an underlying infection, positive medicines, or maybe the medicines you’re taking to control your diabetes.
Diabetes -Skin Complications
Diabetes can have an effect on every part of the body, which includes the skin. In fact, such troubles are occasionally the first sign that a person has diabetes. Luckily, maximum skin conditions may be prevented or easily dealt with if stuck early.
Some of these complications are pores and skin conditions all of us can have, however, human beings with diabetes get more them easily. These encompass bacterial infections, fungal infections, and itching. Other skin issues happen mainly or most effectively to humans with diabetes. These include diabetic dermopathy, necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum, diabetic blisters, and eruptive xanthomatosis.
Good Skin Care
There are several things you can do to prevent skin problems:
- Keep your diabetes well managed. People with high glucose levels tend to have dry skin and less ability to fend off harmful bacteria. Both conditions increase the risk of infection.
- Avoid very hot baths and showers. If your skin is dry, don’t use bubble baths. Moisturizing soaps may help. Afterwards, use a standard skin lotion, but don’t put lotions between toes. The extra moisture there can encourage fungus to grow.
- Prevent dry skin. Scratching dry or itchy skin can open it up and allow the infection to set in. Moisturize your skin to prevent chapping, especially in cold or windy weather.
- Treat cuts right away. Wash minor cuts with soap and water. Only use an antibiotic cream or ointment if your doctor says it’s okay. Cover minor cuts with sterile gauze. See a doctor right away if you get a major cut, burn, or infection.
- During cold, dry months, keep your home more humid. Bathe less during this weather, if possible.
Use mild shampoos.
- Avoid the use of feminine hygiene sprays.
- Consult dermatologist (skin doctor) about skin problems if you are not able to solve them yourself.
- Always take good care of your feet. Check them every day for sores and cuts. Wear broad, flat shoes that fit well. Check your shoes for foreign objects before putting them on.
- Consult your doctor or dermatologist (skin doctor) if you are not able to solve a skin problem yourself.
- Always try to stay alert for symptoms of skin infections and other skin disorders common in people with diabetes.
People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at a heightened danger for eye complications and peripheral neuropathy. Diabetes can harm the blood vessels of the retina (diabetic retinopathy), potentially leading to blindness. Diabetes also may increase the threat of other serious imaginative and prescient conditions, along with cataracts and glaucoma.
People with diabetes do have a higher threat of blindness than humans with diabetes. But most people who have diabetes have nothing greater than minor eye issues over time. With normal checkups, you could keep minor problems minor. And, if you do develop the main problem, there are remedies that often work well if you start them proper away.
Diabetes -Nerve Damage
Nerve damage caused by diabetes is called diabetic neuropathy. About half of all people with diabetes have some form of nerve damage.
Excess sugar can injure the walls of the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) that nourish your nerves, especially in the legs. This can cause tingling, numbness, burning or pain that usually begins at the tips of the toes or fingers and gradually spreads upward.
If diabetes is left untreated, there are chances that you may lose all sense of feeling in the affected limbs. Damage to the nerves related to digestion can cause problems with nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea or constipation. For men, it may lead to erectile dysfunction.
Steps to Prevent or Delay Nerve Damage
There are a lot of practices that you can do to prevent or delay nerve damage. If you already have diabetic neuropathy, there are certain steps that will help you prevent or delay the nerve damage and even lessen your symptoms. The following are certain things that you should do:
- Get an A1C test at the medical laboratory at least twice a year to find out the level of your blood sugar.
- Use a blood glucose meter to assist you to make decisions about your care.
Checking your blood sugar levels will tell you whether your diabetes care plan is working or whether changes are needed.
The kidneys are important organs. They contain millions of tiny blood vessel clusters (glomeruli) that filter waste from your blood. Diabetes can damage this delicate filtering system. This condition is called nephropathy.
Severe damage can lead to kidney failure or irreversible end-stage kidney disease, which may require dialysis or a kidney transplant Severe damage can lead to kidney failure or irreversible end-stage kidney disease, which may require dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Nerve damage in the feet or poor blood flow to the feet increases the risk of various foot complications. Left untreated, cuts and blisters can develop serious infections, which often heal poorly. These infections may ultimately require toe, foot or leg amputation.
Diabetes dramatically increases the risk of various cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke and narrowing of arteries (atherosclerosis). If you have diabetes, you’re more likely to have heart disease or stroke.
Diabetes-DKA (Ketoacidosis) & Ketones
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. Ketones are chemicals that the body creates when it breaks down fat to use for energy.
The body does this when it doesn’t have enough insulin to use glucose, the body’s normal source of energy. When ketones build up in the blood, they make it more acidic. They are a warning sign that your diabetes is out of control or that you are getting sick.
High levels of ketones can poison the body. When levels get too high, you can develop DKA. DKA may happen to anyone with diabetes, though it is rare in people with type 2.
Complications of Diabetes FAQs
Can complications from diabetes be reversed?
There is evidence to suggest that diabetes complications can be reversed if strong diabetes control and a healthy lifestyle are followed. However, in theory, the body can do some healing of the damage from complications as long as the right conditions are met
How do people die from diabetes?
People who have diabetes cannot regulate their blood sugar levels and if the disease isn’t tightly controlled, blood sugar can spike to abnormally high levels, a condition called hyperglycemia, or dip below normal, a condition called hypoglycemia. Both conditions are potentially life-threatening and can lead to coma and death if not promptly treated.
Which organ does diabetes affect the most?
Diabetes affects many major organs, including the heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes, and kidneys.
Is diabetes a deadly disease?
Diabetes can be managed, it doesn’t have to be deadly. Physical exercise and a sensible diet can go a long way to helping you manage your Diabetes.
How does diabetes affect people?
Aspects of life with diabetes that may affect your quality of life include; The never-ending demands of diabetes care, such as eating carefully, exercising, monitoring blood glucose, and scheduling and planning. Symptoms of low or very high blood glucose. Fears about or the reality of complications.
How to know if diabetes is getting worse?
Diabetes is always life-threatening and it’s not a pleasant death. if the following situations happen when you are a diabetic patient, please see a doctor:
- Tingling, pain, or numbness in your hands or feet.
- Stomach problems like nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
- A lot of bladder infections or trouble emptying your bladder.
- Problems getting or keeping an erection.
- Dizzy or lightheaded.
What happens if you don’t take your diabetes medicine?
Type I diabetes (juvenile) will cause death if insulin is not taken regularly. Type II diabetes (adult-onset) will cause cumulative damage if blood sugar levels are not controlled.
What is uncontrolled diabetes?
Uncontrolled Diabetes is blood sugar levels that are above-recommended target ranges including an A1C level above 7.0% This condition can lead to major complications such as heart attack, stroke, eye disease, kidney disease, nerve disease, and infection if left untreated.
Does a diabetic patient get blind?
Diabetes can harm the blood vessels of the retina (diabetic retinopathy), potentially leading to blindness.
How does hyperglycemia affect the body?
during hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) the sugar can’t enter the body cells for energy. The blood sugar level in the body will then tend to rise, making the body to begin breaking down fat for energy. This process produces toxic acid known as ketones. High blood sugar can lead to a potentially deadly condition in which your body can’t process sugar.
What are some complications that go along with diabetes?
- Cardiovascular disease.
- Nerve damage (neuropathy).
- Kidney damage (nephropathy).
- Eye damage (retinopathy).
- Foot damage.
- Skin conditions.
- Hearing impairment.
- Alzheimer’s disease