Mwai Kibaki Biography
Mwai Kibaki was born on 15th November 1931 in Othaya, Nyeri, Kenya. He is the third president of Kenya, he held the term for two terms (2002 – 2010).
Mwai Kibaki Education Background
- 1955 – 1958 : Undergraduate Student of London School of Economics (BSc Public Finance) [first African to graduate from the school with a first class degree]
- 1951 – 1955 : Undergraduate Student of Makerere University, Uganda (BA (Economics, history and political science))
- 1947 – 1950 : Secondary School Student of Mangu High School
- 1944 – 1946 : Primary School Student of Mathari School
- 1943 – 1943 : Primary School Student of Karima Mission School
Mwai Kibaki Job History
- Started March 1960 : Founder of National Executive
- 1959 – 1960 : Lecturer in Economics of Makerere University
- 1955 – 1955 : Assistant Sales Manager of Shell East Africa
Mwai Kibaki Political Positions
- Started 2007 : Member of Party of National Unity
- 2008 – 4th March 2013 :Member of Parliament for Othaya
- 2008 – 2012 : President & Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of REPUBLIC OF KENYA
- 2003 – 2007 : President & Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of REPUBLIC OF KENYA
- 2003 – 2007 : Member of Parliament for Othaya
- 2002 – 2007 : Founding member of National Rainbow Coalition
- 1998 – 2002 : Member of Parliament for Othaya
- 1991 – 2002 : Chairman of Democratic Party
- 1993 – 1997 : Member of Parliament for Othaya
- 1988 – 1992 : Member of Parliament for Othaya
- March 1988 – December 1991 : Cabinet Minister for Health
- 1974 – 1991 : Chair of Kenya African National Union – Nyeri Branch
- 1960 – 1990 : Member of Kenya African National Union
- 1983 – 1988 : Vice President & Cabinet Minister for Home Affairs
- 1983 – 1988 : Member of Parliament for Othaya
- 1978 – 1983 : Vice President & Cabinet Minister for Finance
- 1979 – 1982 : Member of Parliament for Othaya
- 1974 – 1979 : Member of Parliament for Othaya
- 1970 – 1978 : Cabinet Minister for Finance and Economic Planning
- 1965 – 1969 : Cabinet Minister for Commerce and Industry
- 1963 – 1965 : Cabinet Parliamentary Secretary to Finance Minister
Mwai Kibaki Career in Politics
Hon. Mwai Kibaki’s political career began during his days at Makerere University when he served as Vice Chairman of Makerere University Students Guild. As Vice Chairman of the students Guild, he articulated the students’ opposition to colonialism and championed the cause for de-colonisation.
His career in party politics began in earnest in December 1960 when he took up a job as the first executive officer of the Kenya African National Union (KANU) that was then at the forefront in the struggle for the country’s independence. He made a debut in elective politics in 1963 and was elected to Parliament on a KANU ticket, soon after Kenya attained her independence. Between 1963 and 1965, he served as Parliamentary Secretary to the minister of Finance. In 1965, he was appointed minister for Commerce and Industry where he served until 1969. In the same year he was re-elected back to Parliament.
In 1970, Hon. Mwai Kibaki became minister of Finance and EconomicPlanning where he served until 1978. During this period, he movedhis political base from Nairobi to his rural home and was re-elected in1974 to represent Othaya constituency on a KANU ticket.
He was re-elected Member of Parliament for the same constituency inthe subsequent elections of 1979, 1983 ,1988, 1992, 1997 and 2002.Hon. Mwai Kibaki was appointed Vice-President in 1978. He continued to serve in the ministry of Finance and Economic Planning until 1983 when he moved to the Ministry of Home Affairs and National Heritage. He served until 1988 when he moved to the Ministry of Health.
Hon. Mwai Kibaki was also the leader of government business andChairman of the Sessional Committee from 1978 to 1988. He was the KANU vice-president from 1978 to 1988.
Mwai Kibaki ventured into opposition politics in December 1991 and went ahead to form the Democratic Party (DP). He later on vied for the presidency on its ticket in the 1992 elections, where he came third after the incumbent Daniel arap Moi and Kenneth Matiba.
In 1997, he contested for the presidency again on a D.P. ticket and came second to the incumbent, Kanu’s Daniel Arap Moi. In January 1998 the Democratic Party became the official opposition party with Hon. Mwai Kibaki as the leader of the official opposition. In the period that he served in this capacity, Hon Kibaki gave new meaning and definition to the office of leader of official opposition with his brilliant debates in and outside parliament.
Through issue oriented political debate Kenyans were able to see the importance of a leader of official of opposition being an issue oriented leader who is able to articulate his vision and ideas through constructive debate. Indeed his tenure as leader of opposition marked one of the most vibrant periods of debate in Kenya’s history.
During the 1997-2002 Parliamentary Session Mwai Kibaki also served as Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee and Member of the House Business Committee.
During his tenure as leader of official opposition, Mwai Kibaki had consistently preached the importance of opposition unity and rallied several opposition parties to form the National Alliance of Kenya party.It was this alliance that formed the wider National Rainbow Alliance (NARC) party that became a formidable force against the dominant KANU ruling party in the 2002 election.
Because of his public record of integrity, honesty and excellent economic stewardship, Hon Mwai Kibaki became the natural candidate of the united NARC opposition alliance. During the elections held on 27th December 2002 Hon, Kibaki emerged the winner in a landslide victory that saw him garner over 65% of the popular vote.
Still nursing injuries from a motor vehicle accident during the election campaigns, Hon Kibaki was sworn-in seated on a wheel chair as President and commander in chief of the armed forces of the republic of Kenya on 30th December 2002.
In his acceptance speech President Kibaki promised to entrench modern reforms and steer the country back to the path of economic growth as his first priority.
Mwai Kibaki Family
Mwai Kibaki is the the last born child of the late Kibaki Githinji and the late Teresia Wanjiku. He is married to Mrs. Lucy Muthoni Kibaki and together they have four children and six grandchildren.
Mwai Kibaki Contacts
- Address : Harambee House P. O. Box 30510 00200 Nairobi
- Parliament Buildings
P.O Box 41842 – 00100