Regions in Ghana
Ghana is one of the greatest kingdoms in Bilad el-Sudan starting from the ninth century. Ghana was an inhabited place during Middle-Ages. It`s central and south territories were occupied with several kingdoms. It Includes the Akwamu, the Denkyira, the Makessim Kingdom and the Ashanti Empire. Nevertheless, back to the Middle Age period, the majority of territories of current Ghana’s states were largely unoccupied. The kingdoms fought with each other for gaining total control over territories. Nevertheless, their fighting battles were not over even with coming of Europeans into this region.
Europeans first arrived in Ghana in 15th century. First Europeans to come to the region were Portuguese people, who established the Gold Coast Region. It was focused on the extensive gold resources in the region. Portuguese people managed to build gold mines that provided some development to the region. Nevertheless, Great Britain took over the control of the country. It provided few centuries until 1957 when Ghana proclaimed it`s independence.
Ghana is divided into 10 administrative regions.The current regional boundaries were officially established in the year 1987, when the Upper West Region was inaugurated as the state’s newest administrative region. Although the official inauguration was in 1987, the Upper West Region had already functioned as an administrative unit since the break-up of the Upper Region in December 1982, prior to the 1984 national census.
Here is a list of the 10 regions in the state of Ghana:
1. The Ashanti Region
The Ashanti Region is located in south Ghana and is third largest of 10 administrative regions, occupying a total land surface of 24,389 km2 (9,417 sq mi) or 10.2 per cent of the total land area of Ghana. In terms of population, however, it is the most populated region with a population of 4,780,380 according to the 2010 census, accounting for 19.4% of Ghana’s total population. The Ashanti Region is known for its major gold bar and cocoa production. The largest city and regional capital is Kumasi.
2. Brong-Ahafo Region
The Brong-Ahafo Region is located in south Ghana. Brong-Ahafo is bordered to the north by the Black Volta River and to the east by the Lake Volta, and to the south by the Ashanti, Eastern and Western regions, and to the west by the Ivory Coast southeastern border. The capital of Brong-Ahafo is Sunyani. Brong-Ahafo was created in 1958 from Bono State and named after the dominant and native inhabitants, Akans Brong and Ahafo.
3. The Central Region
The Central Region is one of the ten administrative regions of Ghana. It is bordered by Ashanti and Eastern regions to the north, Western region to the west, Greater Accra region to the east, and to the south by the Gulf of Guinea. The Central region is renowned for its many elite higher education institutions and an economy based on an abundance of industrial minerals and tourism. The Central region attains many tourist attractions such castles, forts and beaches stretched along the Central region’s coastline.
4. The Eastern Region
The Eastern Region is located in south Ghana and is one of ten administrative regions. Eastern region is bordered to the east by the Lake Volta, to the north by Brong-Ahafo region and Ashanti region, to the west by Ashanti region, to the south by Central region and Greater Accra region. Akans are the dominant inhabitants and natives of Eastern region and Akan, Ewe and English are the main spoken languages. The Eastern region is the location of the Akosombo dam and the economy of the Eastern region is dominated by its high-capacity electricity generation. Eastern region covers an area of 19,323 square kilometres, which is about 8.1% of Ghana’s total landform.
5. The Greater Accra Region
The Greater Accra Region has the smallest area of Ghana’s 10 administrative regions, occupying a total land surface of 3,245 square kilometres or 1.4 per cent of the total land area of Ghana. It is the second most populated region, after the Ashanti Region, with a population of 4,010,054 in 2010, accounting for 16.3 per cent of Ghana’s total population.
6. The northern region
The northern region is one of the ten administrative regions in Ghana state. It`s also the largest region in Ghana by area. The main providers of work for the region are forestry and hunting. They account more than seventy percent of the region`s economically active population. Around seven percent of the region`s population is currently unemployed. The private informal sector occupies around eighty percent of the economically active population. Around 70 percent of the population is currently stationed as self-employed population. Around thirty percent of a population can be named as unemployed family workers.
7. Upper East region
The Upper East region is one of the ten administrative regions of Ghana. It`s located in the North-East region of the country between latitudes 30N and 110N, longitudes 00 and 10 West. It`s bordered with Togo to the east and Burkina Faso to the east, the west by Sassala and the south by West Mampriusi. The total population of the region is about 1 million people. The Upper East region occupies around 9 thousand square kilometers. The overall economy of the region is based on agricultural sector. This region produces cattle, cereals, rice and sorghum. This region is also known for the handicrafts and locally produced beer Pito. As it was mentioned earlier, the main occupation of the region is agricultural related work; it includes more than sixty-five percent of the economically active population of the Region. The production and equipment work sector is occupied by 14,5% of workers.
8. The Upper West Region
The Upper West Region of Ghana is located in the northwestern corner of Ghana, and is bordered by Upper East region to the east, Northern region to the south, and Burkina Faso to the west and north. The Upper West regional capital and largest settlement is Wa. Upper West is the youngest region to have been created in Ghana by the then former Head of State, Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings in 1983 under the Provisional National Defense Council. The area was carved out of the then Upper Region which is now the Upper East Region.
9. Volta Region
Volta Region (or Volta), is one of Ghana’s ten administrative regions, with Ho designated as its capital. It is located west of Republic of Togo and to the east of Lake Volta. Divided into 25 administrative districts, the region is multi-ethnic and multilingual, including groups such as the Ewe, the Guan, and the Akan peoples. The Guan peoples include the Lolobi, Likpe, Akpafu, Buem, and Nkonya people, et al.
10. The Western Region
The Western region is one of the ten administrative regions of Ghana. It occupies approximately 2,4 thousand kilometres. The overall population of the region is around 1 million people. The main bulk of the economically active population is concentrated in the agricultural sector of the region. The overall situation with jobs is the same like in another part of Ghana state. Therefore, It can`t be decided on the local level the changes for the drastic situation with job opportunities in the region.
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