Ward Churchill Biography | What Is Ward Churchill Doing Today | Ward Churchill Today
Ward Churchill(Full name: Ward LeRoy Churchill) is an American author and political activist. He was a professor of ethnic studies at the University of Colorado Boulder from 1990 until 2007.
The primary focus of his work is on the historical treatment of political dissenters and Native Americans by the United States government. Churchill’s work features controversial and provocative views, written in a direct, often confrontational style.
In January 2005, his’s 2001 essay, “On the Justice of Roosting Chickens” gained attention. In the work, he argued the September 11 attacks were a natural and unavoidable consequence of unlawful US foreign policy over the latter half of the 20th century; the essay is known for Churchill’s use of the phrase “little Eichmanns” to describe the “technocratic corps” working in the World Trade Center.
In March 2005, the University of Colorado began investigating allegations that Churchill had engaged in research misconduct; it reported in June 2006 that he had done so. He was fired on July 24, 2007, leading to a claim by some scholars that he was fired because of the “Little Eichmanns” comment. Churchill filed a lawsuit against the University of Colorado for unlawful termination of employment. In April 2009 a Denver jury found that Churchill was unjustly fired, awarding him $1 in damages.
In July 2009, a District Court judge vacated the monetary award and declined Churchill’s request to order his reinstatement, deciding the university has “quasi-judicial immunity”. In February 2010, he appealed the judge’s decision. In November 2010, the Colorado Court of Appeals upheld the lower court’s ruling. On September 10. 2012, the Colorado Supreme Court upheld the lower courts’ decisions in favor of the University of Colorado. On April 1. 2013, the United States Supreme Court declined to hear the case.
In a February 2014 interview, Churchill commented that after living more than forty years in the northern plains/Colorado region, he had relocated to Atlanta, Georgia in 2013.
Ward Churchill Age
Ward LeRoy Churchill is an American author and political activist. He was born on October 2. 1947 in Urbana, Illinois, United States. Churchill is 72 years old as of 2019.
Ward Churchill Native American
Activism on Native American issues
Churchill has been active since at least 1984 as the co-director of the Denver-based American Indian Movement of Colorado, now an autonomous chapter of the American Indian Movement. In 1993, he and other local AIM leaders, including Russell Means, Glenn T. Morris, Robert Robideau, and David Hill, broke with the national AIM leadership, including Dennis Banks and the brothers Vernon and Clyde Bellecourt, claiming that all AIM chapters are autonomous.
The AIM Grand Governing Council is based in Minneapolis and retains the name of the national group. It says that the schism arose when Means, Churchill, Glenn T. Morris, and others openly supported the Miskito Indian group Misurasata, who were allied with the anti-revolutionary, CIA-backed Contras.
Journalists such as Harlan McKosato attributed the split to Means and other AIM members dividing over opposition to the Bellecourt brothers because of their alleged involvement in the execution of Anna Mae Aquash in December 1975, who was then the highest-ranking woman in AIM but had been suspected of being an informant.
It was a year in which other FBI informants had been discovered in AIM. On November 3, 1999, Means held a press conference in Denver, Colorado in which he accused the Bellecourt brothers of complicity in Aquash’s death, and named three lower-level AIM members involved in her death: Arlo Looking Cloud, John Graham, and Theda Nelson Clarke. This was the first time that an AIM leader active at the time of the Aquash murder had publicly accused AIM of having been involved.
Looking Cloud and Graham were convicted of murder in 2004 and 2010, by federal and South Dakota state juries, respectively. By then Clark was being cared for in a nursing home and was not indicted. Means attributed the split in AIM to divisions in the aftermath of Aquash’s murder. The journalist Harlan McKosato said in 1999, “…her [Aquash’s] death has divided the American Indian Movement…”
The schism continued, with the national AIM leadership claiming that the local AIM leaders, such as Churchill, are tools of the U.S. government used against other American Indians. The leaders of the national AIM organization, now called AIM Grand Governing Council, claim that Churchill has worked in the past as an underground counter-intelligence source for the U.S. government, for example, the FBI, and local, non-Indian, police forces, to subvert the national AIM organization.
Specifically, they refer to a 1993 Boulder, Colorado interview with Jodi Rave, a former columnist for the Denver Post, in which Churchill stated that he “was teaching the Rapid City Police Department about the American Indian Movement.”In addition, Vernon Bellecourt accused Churchill of having ‘fraudulently represented himself as an Indian’ to bolster his credentials. Bellecourt said he complained to the University of Colorado about this as early as 1986.
Churchill has been a leader of Colorado AIM’s annual protests in Denver against the Columbus Day holiday and its associated parade. Colorado AIM’s leadership has come into conflict with some leaders in the Denver Italian American community, the main supporters of the parade. As early as 2004, Churchill had described such parades as unconstitutional, arguing that the Ninth Amendment to the Constitution provides Native Americans with a right not to be subjected to such displays, overriding the First Amendment rights of non-Native Americans.
Ward Churchill Family | Ward Churchill University Of Colorado
Churchill was born in Urbana, Illinois, to Jack LeRoy Churchill(father) and Maralyn Lucretia Allen. His parents divorced before he was two, and he grew up in Elmwood, where he attended local schools.
In 1966, he was drafted into the United States Army. On his 1980 resume, he said he served as a public-information specialist who “wrote and edited the battalion newsletter and wrote news releases.”
In a 1987 profile on Churchill, the Denver Post reported that he was drafted, went to paratrooper school, then volunteered for Vietnam, where he served a 10-month tour as Long Range Reconnaissance Patrol (LRRP), six-man teams sent out to track down the enemy.
The Post article also reported that he was politically radicalized as a result of his experiences in Vietnam. He told the Post that he had spent some time at the Chicago office of the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) in the late 1960s, and briefly taught members of the Weather Underground how to build bombs and fire weapons.
In 2005, the Denver Post reported that Churchill’s military records show he was trained as a film projectionist and light truck driver, but they do not reflect paratrooper school or LRRP training. The 75th Ranger Regiment Association found no record of Churchill has been a member of the unit, or a LRRP team.
Churchill received his B.A. in technological communications in 1974 and M.A. in communications theory in 1975, both from Sangamon State University, now the University of Illinois at Springfield.
Ward Churchill Spouse
He is married to Natsu Saito Churchill. Churchill was previously married to Marie Annette Jaimes Churchill from (1987 to 1995). He later married Leah Kelly Churchill(died: 31 May 2000)
Ward Churchill’s wife wept on the witness stand Wednesday as she recounted the University of Colorado’s claims against her husband’s academic work on American Indian history.
“He calls out the big lies in history, not these ridiculous picky things we’re arguing about here,” Natsu Taylor Saito said, the latter a reference to the accusation her husband disrespected victims of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, which he thinks was behind his ouster in 2007. “The most harmful thing to Ward, and to me, is that it was an attempt to silence that history.”
Saito said Churchill was no cheerleader for terrorists.
Her husband sought to point out the attacks were not senseless and yielded lessons, she said. “If we want to stop violence from happening, we have to understand that it’s not OK for violence to be perpetrated by anyone, including our own government,” Saito said.
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Churchill is suing the university to get his job back. His attorneys rested their case Wednesday after 11 days, and CU began its defense Wednesday.
Todd Gleeson, dean of CU’s College of Arts and Sciences, said the investigation examined whether Churchill’s Sept. 11 essay or other writings crossed over from free speech to hate speech. Instead, the university found Churchill had plagiarized and falsified research in his work on American Indians.
Six of the nine members of the committee wanted Churchill fired instead of suspended.
CU professor Joe Rosse, who led CU’s Standing Committee on Research Misconduct, said Churchill’s lack of remorse over the findings that he plagiarized and falsified information was critical to some members. “If you are not going to acknowledge error, why would you expect to change behavior in the future?” Rosse said.
Ward Churchill Net Worth
Ward LeRoy Churchill is an American author and political activist. He was a professor of ethnic studies at the University of Colorado Boulder from 1990 until 2007.
He has an estimated Net Worth of $ 5 million dollars as of 2019. In 1978, Churchill began working at the University of Colorado Boulder as an affirmative action officer in the university administration.
He also lectured on issues relating to Native Americans in the United States in the ethnic studies program. In 1990, the University of Colorado hired him as an associate professor, although he did not possess the academic doctorate usually required for the position.
The following year he was granted tenure in the Communications department, without the usual six-year probationary period, after having been declined by the Sociology and Political Science departments.
Churchill War Rooms
Step Back In Time
History was made in Churchill War Rooms – an underground bunker that allowed Britain’s leaders to plot the allied route to victory during the Second World War. Walk the labyrinth of rooms and corridors that stretch below Westminster that sheltered Winston Churchill and his war cabinet from the German bombing raids, and explore the Churchill museum to learn the story of his life and legacy.
Churchill’s Historic Underground Bunker
Discover the stories hidden beneath the streets of Westminster in the Cabinet War Rooms. Explore the underground bunker that protected the staff and secrets at the heart of Britain’s government during the Second World War as Churchill and his inner circle plotted the route to Allied victory.
Walk in the footsteps of Churchill and glimpse what life would have been like during the tense days and nights of the Second World War. See where Churchill and his War Cabinet met and step back in time in the Map Room, which has remained exactly
Hidden Beneath The Streets Of Westminster
Navigate the winding corridors and hear the stories of those who lived, worked and slept in the Cabinet War Rooms around the clock. See first-hand the historic rooms including the Map Room, the Cabinet Room, Churchill’s bedroom and many other offices and facilities.
Discover the tiny Transatlantic Telephone Room disguised as a private toilet where Churchill used to speak in secret to the President of the United States, an example of the cutting-edge technology of the day.
Ward Churchill Books
A Little Matter of Genocide 1997
On the Justice of Roosting Chickens 2003
Agents of Repression: The FBI’s Secret Wars Against the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement 1988
Kill the Indian, Save the Man 2004
The COINTELPRO Papers 1990
Pacifism As Pathology: Reflections on the Role of Armed Struggle in North America, Third Edition 1998
Fantasies of the master race 1992
Struggle for the Land 1999
Acts of rebellion 2002
From a Native Son 1996
Indians are us? 1994
Wielding Words Like Weapons: Selected Essays in Indigenism, 1995-2005 2017
Perversions of Justice: Indigenous Peoples and Anglo-American Law 2003
Since Predator Came 1995
Pacifism and Pathology in the American Left 2003
Doing Time: The Politics of Imprisonment 2002
Life in Occupied America in 2003
Struggle for the Land: Indigenous Resistance to Genocide, Ecocide, and Expropriation in Contemporary North America 1992
In a Pig’s Eye: Reflections on the Police State, Repression and Native America 2002
Speaking Truth in the Teeth of Power: Lectures on Globalization, Colonialism, and Native North America 2004
Draconian Measures: The History of FBI Political Repression 1995
Ward Churchill Quotes
They were targeting those people I referred to as ‘little Eichmanns.’ These were legitimate targets.
Truth is the best defense.
When you kill 500,000 children in order to impose your will on other countries, then you shouldn’t be surprised when somebody responds in kind.
There’s always merit to having a debate.
If U.S. foreign policy results in massive death and destruction abroad, we cannot feign innocence when some of that destruction is returned.
My comments are reserved for reputable journalists.
There is no consensus, there is no homogeneity, there is no truth.
The term ‘human rights defender,’ incidentally, isn’t something I or my attorneys came up with. Personally, I find it a little embarrassing.
I have never said that people ‘should’ engage in armed attacks on the United States, but that such attacks are a natural and unavoidable consequence of unlawful U.S. policy.
I am not a ‘defender’ of the September 11 attacks, but simply pointing out that if U.S. foreign policy results in massive death and destruction abroad, we cannot feign innocence when some of that destruction is returned.
If I can’t drive my old pickup to wherever I’m going, well, chances are good that I just won’t go.
Ward Churchill On The Justice Of Roosting Chickens
On the Justice of Roosting Chickens: Reflections on the Consequences of U.S. Imperial Arrogance and Criminality is a 2003 book written by Ward Churchill and published by AK Press. The “Roosting Chickens” of the title comes from a 1963 Malcolm X speech about the John F. Kennedy assassination, which the rights activist called “merely a case of ‘chickens coming home to roost.'”
Churchill used the term “Roosting Chickens” in a short essay, “‘Some People Push Back’: On the Justice of Roosting Chickens”, first published on September 12, 2001. In that article, Churchill claimed that the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States were “acts of war” by the “Islamic East” in defense against the “crusades” waged by the “Christian West” “e.g., Arab–Israeli conflict and The First Gulf War” throughout the late 20th century.
The essay was followed by the book On the Justice of Roosting Chickens in 2003.
After a foreword by Chellis Glendinning, the book is divided into three parts:
The Ghosts of 9-1-1, an expanded version of Some People Push Back.
That “Most Peace-Loving of Nations”, a long and detailed list of military interventions and covert actions conducted by the US government.
“A Government of Laws”?, an equally long list of instances where Churchill alleges that the US has contravened international law, particularly United Nations resolutions.
Ward Churchill Website
Genealogy and Tribal affiliation
In 2003, Churchill stated, “I am myself of Muscogee and Creek descent on my father’s side, Cherokee on my mother’s, and am an enrolled member of the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians.
“In 1992, Churchill wrote elsewhere that he is one-eighth Creek and one-sixteenth Cherokee. In 1993, Churchill told the Colorado Daily that “he was one-sixteenth Creek and Cherokee.” Churchill told the Denver Post in February 2005 that he is three-sixteenths Cherokee.
In a statement dated May 9, 2005, and posted on its website, the United Keetoowah Band initially said,
The United Keetoowah Band would like to make it clear that Mr. Churchill IS not a member of the Keetoowah Band and was only given an honorary ‘associate membership’ in the early 1990s because he could not prove any Cherokee ancestry.” The tribe said that all of Churchill’s “past, present and future claims or assertions of Keetoowah ‘enrollment,’ written or spoken, including but not limited to; biographies, curriculum vitae, lectures, applications for employment, or any other reference not listed herein, are deemed fraudulent by the United Keetoowah Band.
Two days later, the United Keetoowah Band replaced its statement and acknowledged Churchill’s “alleged ancestry” of being Cherokee:
“Because Mr. Churchill had genealogical information regarding his alleged ancestry, and his willingness to assist the UKB in promoting the tribe and its causes, he was awarded an ‘Associate Membership’ as an honor,” the tribe’s website now said. “However, Mr. Churchill may possess eligibility status for Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, since he claims 1/16 Cherokee.
The tribe’s spokesperson, Lisa Stopp, stated the tribe enrolls only members with certified one-quarter American Indian blood. The website statement further clarified that Churchill “was not eligible for tribal membership due to the fact that he does not possess a ‘Certificate of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB)”, and the associate membership did not entitle an individual to voting rights or enrollment in the tribe.
Churchill has never asked for CDIB certification and finds the idea of being “vetted” by the US government offensive.
In June 1994, the United Keetoowah Band had voted to stop awarding associate memberships. Such honorary associate membership recognizes an individual’s assistance to the tribe, but it has nothing to do with Indian ancestry, and it does not entitle an individual to vote in the tribe as a member.
The Keetoowah Band states that Churchill still holds the associate membership and it has not been rescinded. In a separate interview, Ernestine Berry, formerly on the tribe’s enrollment committee and four years on its council, said that Churchill had never fulfilled a promise to help the tribe.
In June 2005, the Rocky Mountain News published an article about Churchill’s genealogy and family history. The newspaper’s research “turned up no evidence of a single Indian ancestor” among 142 direct ancestors (of Churchill’s) identified from records. The News reported that both Churchill’s birth parents were listed as white on the 1930 census, as were all but two of his great-great-grandparents listed on previous census and other official documents.
The News found that some of Churchill’s accounts of where his ancestors had lived did not agree with documented records. Numerous members of Churchill’s extended family have longstanding family legends of Indian ancestry among ancestors; but, none was confirmed among the 142 direct forebears of Churchill who were identified.
Documents in Churchill’s university personnel file show that he was granted tenure in a “special opportunity position.” In 1994, then CU-Boulder Chancellor James Corbridge refused to take action on allegations that Churchill was fraudulently claiming to be an Indian, saying “it has always been university policy that a person’s race or ethnicity is self-proving.”
Some of Churchill’s Native American critics, such as Vernon Bellecourt (White Earth Ojibwe) and Suzan Shown Harjo (Southern Cheyenne-Muscogee Creek), argue that his assertion of Native American ancestry without the ability to prove it might constitute misrepresentation and grounds for termination. The University has said that it does not hire on the basis of ethnicity.
The University of Colorado’s Research Misconduct Committee conducted a preliminary investigation into whether Churchill misrepresented his ethnicity to “add credibility and public acceptance to his scholarship.” The committee concluded that the allegation was not “appropriate for further investigation under the definition of research misconduct.”
In a 2005 interview in The Rocky Mountain News, Churchill said, “I have never been confirmed as having one-quarter blood, and never said I was. And even if (the critics) are absolutely right, what does that have to do with this issue? I have never claimed to be goddamned Sitting Bull.
” The longtime indigenous activist Russell Means said in February of that year, “So I want, from this day forward, every media person nationally, internationally and locally to know that we have ascertained that Ward Churchill is a full-blooded Indian leader.”
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Churchill Hospital chemotherapy treatment ‘unsustainable’
Cancer care at an NHS specialist hospital is becoming “unsustainable” because of staff shortages, its boss has warned.
A memo to Oxford’s Churchill Hospital staff, which was leaked to The Times, said chemotherapy cycles could be cut.
The memo from head of chemotherapy Dr. Andrew Weaver says patients face delays as nurse numbers were about 40% down.
A hospital trust spokesman stressed no decisions had yet been made that may affect treatment.
Theresa May was asked to apologise to cancer patients by Labour MP Luciana Berger, who challenged her over the memo at Prime Minister’s Questions earlier.
In response, she said the hospital had “made clear there are absolutely no plans to delay the start of chemotherapy treatment or reduce the number of cycles of treatment”.
Dr Weaver wrote the hospital did not have enough nurses trained to deal with medication at its day treatment unit.
“As a consequence we are having to delay chemotherapy patients’ starting times to four weeks,” he wrote.
An Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust spokesman told the BBC starting times were usually within four weeks, but understood the memo to mean they may have to be pushed back to the “furthest limits” of this time frame.
He said the hospital had met national cancer waiting time standard of starting chemotherapy within 31 days of a clinical decision having been made, despite increases in cancer patient numbers.
But the memo also suggested cutting back on treatment to alleviate symptoms from six cycles to four.
“I know that many of us will find it difficult to accept these changes but the bottom line is that the current situation with limited numbers of staff is unsustainable,” Dr. Weaver adds.
Analysis: Nick Triggle, health correspondent
The thought of cancer treatment being delayed or withheld is shocking. But this is really a simple case of supply and demand.
Cancer cases are becoming more common – and the numbers of staff employed to care for these patients are not rising quickly enough to keep up.
A recent Cancer Research UK report found that the non-surgical workforce had increased by 4% in the past three years. The problem is that cancer incidence has risen by 8% each year.
Many staff who provided feedback cited staff shortages as a key problem with chemotherapy nurses saying some of the gaps have even had to be plugged by nurses not properly trained in providing the treatment.
Cancer services, just like A&E, are undoubtedly struggling to keep up.
The trust spokesman said: “We have not made any decisions to delay the start of chemotherapy treatment or to reduce the number of cycles of chemotherapy treatment which patients with cancer receive.
“The internal email from Dr. Andrew Weaver sets out some of the challenges facing our chemotherapy service, with his ideas for how to tackle these issues, and invites constructive comments and alternative proposals from other cancer doctors and clinical staff.
“However, it does not represent a change to our formal policy for chemotherapy treatment.
“We would like to reassure our patients that no changes to chemotherapy treatment have been made or will be made before thorough consideration has been given to all possible options.”
He said that, like the rest of the NHS, the trust faced an “ongoing challenge to recruit nursing staff” and as well as recruiting nurses from overseas it was looking at “rapid access to chemotherapy education and training” for new staff.
David Bailey, who is receiving treatment at the hospital, said: “This is quite a surprise. My treatment has been exemplary and I can’t complain… and as far as I’m aware I’m set for a six-cycle course.
“What would concern me though is if I’m a new patient, or a relative of a patient, who’s diagnosed.”
Mr. Bailey, who is also a nurse and a Unison representative, added: “Recruiting staff in Oxford is a problem. It’s the most expensive city outside of London to live.”
Sir Harpal Kumar, Cancer Research UK’s chief executive, said it was “totally unacceptable” that shortages could lead to delays.
“Immediate action needs to be taken by the government to deal with this, otherwise problems like the one at Oxford will become more widespread and more severe,” he said.
Dr. Karen Roberts, chief nursing officer at Macmillan Cancer Support said: “Such a situation is deeply worrying and delays cause untold distress to patients.
“A decision like this highlights challenges facing those working in cancer care.
“Hardworking clinicians would do everything in their power to avoid such a scenario, but this indicates that extreme staffing pressures are beginning to affect the quality of treatment patients receive.”
Roz Pearce at Healthwatch Oxfordshire said she had not previously been aware of a shortage in the department and called it “very worrying for patients”.
Ward Churchill Twitter
Ward Churchill Essay
Churchill has written on American Indian history and culture and speaks about genocide inflicted on the indigenous people of the Americas by European settlers and what he describes as the repression of native peoples that continues to be an active issue.
According to the University of Colorado investigation, “His academic publications are nearly all works of synthesis and reinterpretation, drawing upon studies by other scholars, not monographs describing new research based on primary sources.” The investigation also noted that “he has decided to publish largely in alternative presses or journals, not in the university presses or mainstream peer-reviewed journals often favored by more conventional academics.” In addition to his academic writing, Churchill has written for several general readership magazines of political opinion.
In 1986, Churchill wrote an essay titled Pacifism as Pathology: Notes on an American Pseudopraxis criticizing pacifist politics within the U.S. left as being hypocritical, de facto racist and ineffectual. In 1998, Arbeiter Ring Publishing published the essay in a book entitled Pacifism as Pathology: Reflections on the Role of Armed Struggle in North America and listing Ward Churchill as the author.
The book included a preface by Ed Mead (of the George Jackson Brigade), a new introduction to the essay by Churchill and commentary by Michael Ryan. The book sparked much debate in leftist circles and inspired more aggressive tactics within the anti-globalization movement in the following few years.
George Lakey, a co-founder of the pacifist Movement for a New Society, published a detailed response in 2001 entitled “Nonviolent Action as the Sword that Heals: Challenging Ward Churchill’s ‘Pacifism As Pathology’.” The 2007 edition published by AK Press includes a preface by Derrick Jensen. A third edition was published in 2017 by PM Press with updates by Churchill and Ryan, and a foreword by Dylan Rodríguez.
Agents of Repression (1988), co-authored by Jim Vander Wall, describes what the authors said was a secret war against the Black Panther Party and American Indian Movement carried out during the late 1960s and ’70s by the FBI under the COINTELPRO program. The COINTELPRO Papers (1990; reissued 2002), also co-authored with Jim Vander Wall, examines a series of original FBI memos that detail the Bureau’s activities against various leftist groups, from the U.S. Communist Party in the 1950s to activists concerned with Central American issues in the 1980s.
In Fantasies of the Master Race (1992), Churchill examines the portrayal of American Indians and the use of American Indian symbols in popular American culture. He focuses on such phenomena as Tony Hillerman’s mystery novels, the film Dances with Wolves (1990), and the New Age movement, finding examples of cultural imperialism and exploitation. Churchill calls author Carlos Castaneda’s claims of revealing the teachings of a Yaqui Indian shaman, the “greatest hoax since Piltdown Man.”
Struggle for the Land (1993; reissued 2002) is a collection of essays in which Churchill chronicles what he describes as the U.S. government’s systematic exploitation of Native lands and the killing or displacement of American Indians. He details Native American efforts in the 19th and 20th centuries to prevent defoliation and industrial practices such as surface mining.
Churchill’s Indians Are Us? (1994), a sequel to Fantasies of the Master Race, further explores Native American issues in popular culture and politics. He examines the movie Black Robe, the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation killings, the prosecution of Leonard Peltier, sports mascots, the Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990, and blood quantum laws, calling them tools of genocide. Churchill is particularly outspoken about New Age exploitations of shamanism and American Indian sacred traditions, and the “do-it-yourself Indianism” of certain contemporary authors.
John P. LaVelle of the University of New Mexico School of Law published a review of Indians Are Us? in The American Indian Quarterly. Professor LaVelle, an enrolled member of the Santee Sioux Nation, states that Indians Are Us? twists historical facts and is hostile toward Indian tribes.
It was in this book that Churchill first made the assertion that the United States distributed “smallpox-infested blankets” to Indian tribes, an assertion which he repeated several times over the next decade. The assertion has been criticized as a falsification.
From a Native Son: Selected Essays on Indigenism, 1985–1995 (1996) is a collection of 23 previously published essays on Native American history, culture, and political activism. In his introduction to this book, Howard Zinn lauds “the emergence of a new generation of Native-American scholars” and describes Churchill’s writing as “powerful, eloquent, unsparing of cant and deception”.
Churchill’s A Little Matter of Genocide (1997) is a survey of ethnic cleansing in the Americas from 1492 to the present. He compares the treatment of North American Indians to historical instances of genocide by the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, Turks against Armenians, and Europeans against the Gypsies, as well as Nazis against the Poles and the Jews.
In Perversions of Justice (2002), Churchill argues that the U.S.’s legal system was adapted to gain control over Native American people. Tracing the evolution of federal Indian law, Churchill argues that the principles set forth were not only applied to non-Indians in the U.S. but later adapted for application abroad. He concludes that this demonstrates the development of the U.S.’s “imperial logic,” which depends on a “corrupt form of legalism” to establish colonial control and empire.
Churchill’s controversial essay on 9/11 was expanded into a book-length manuscript, published as On the Justice of Roosting Chickens: Reflections on the Consequences of U.S. Imperial Arrogance and Criminality (2003) by AK Press. The book features two other chapters, one listing US military interventions, another listing what Churchill believes to be US violations of international law.
The original essay takes the “roosting chickens” of the title from a 1963 Malcolm X speech, in which Malcolm X linked the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy to the violence which Kennedy perpetuated as “merely a case of chickens coming home to roost.” Churchill’s essays in this book address the worldwide forms of resistance that he posits were and continue to be provoked by U.S. imperialism of the 20th and 21st centuries.
In Kill the Indian, Save the Man: The Genocidal Impact of American Indian Residential Schools (2004), Churchill traces the history of removing American Indian children from their homes to residential schools (in Canada) or Indian boarding schools (in the USA) as part of government policies (the 1880s–1980s) which he regards as genocidal.
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